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1st World Human Rights Charter belongs to Iranians: expert

A senior archaeologist from Khorassan province Cultural Heritage Department, Mahmoud Bakhtiari Shahri said in Mashhad on Sunday that the first `World Human Rights Charter' was drawn up by Iranians, IRNA reported.

Speaking to IRNA on the World Museum Day, he added that the human rights charter, known as the `Cyrus Statement', is inscribed all around a clay cylinder in Babylonian script and language.

Turning to the historical background of the script, he said, "In the gathering held near the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great in 1969, which was attended by a number of researchers and Iranologists, the tablet was declared as the first World Human Rights Charter."

"The valuable object was unearthed in the course of archaeological excavations conducted in Babylonia to the south of Mesopotamia, the current Iraq, in 1897. It was transferred to the British Museum in London," he added.

Bakhtiari said that the scripts on the clay tablet explain the take-over of Babylonia.

"Once Cyrus from Achamenid dynasty named himself as the world monarch, he declared that his objective is to promote justice and freedom," he added.

Stressing that the Cyrus Statement is addressed to the oppressed nations, he noted that according to the statement, all human beings are of equal value and everyone is entitled to a peaceful life and real freedom.

"In the statement, Cyrus has modestly admitted that he owes his power and victories to the great Lord and has wished for a long life as a reward for his virtuous measures," he added.

The expert pointed out the outlook and speculation of Cyrus, which dates back to 2536 years ago and the peak of his power, as a sign of his great respect for the human kind and their rights.

He added that his outlook marks the culture, beliefs and the spirit for human love inherited from his Iranian predecessors.

"Cyrus II titled `Cyrus the Great' and `Zol-Qarnein' was from Achamenid dynasty known as the most noble Parsian tribes."

He noted, "In line with his policies for broadening his territory and liberating the Parsians, Cyrus founded the Achamenid Empire and formed a dynasty which became known as one of the dominating powers and hubs of the civilization of the ancient world. It lasted for 230 years."

... Payvand News - 5/18/03 ... --

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