Advisor on marine environment of the Department of Environment (DoE) Mohammad-Reza Fatemi said in Tehran on Saturday that once a Caspian environmental cooperation agreement is signed, political and ecological borders of the Caspian littoral states will be differentiated, IRNA reported.
He told IRNA that the signing of such a document is among the main exigencies of the region aimed at preventing any type of pollution in the Caspian Sea area.
"The measure will materialize a permanent regional treaty for protection of the Caspian Sea and its environment which will make member states committed to its content," he added.
The marine environmental expert noted that the agreement will mainly focus on environmental issue and added that it will have nothing to do with the legal matters pertaining to the Caspian. The official noted that environmental problems such as pollution and wildlife diversity have no boundary. He said that any changes in the sea will affect the entire region.
"It should be accepted that in a lake shared by many states, such as the Caspian Sea, compliance with environmental regulations and tackling pollution will be in the interest of all the littoral states," he added.
Fatemi said that once the Caspian Sea convention becomes operational, the programs and strategies aimed to reduce pollution in the sea, including that caused by oil leakage, will be examined to arrive at a joint plan for their assessment.
"Once the five Caspian littoral states sign the environmental cooperation agreement, they should reach a final accord to implement their projects," he added.
He noted that currently pollution caused by oil leakage and the presence of migratory creatures who endanger the Caspian Sea ecosystem are among the major Caspian problems.
"Once the five-party cooperation document is signed, using the advice of environmental experts from the five Caspian littoral states will be unavoidable," he added.
Fatemi said that the move can also set a turning point in promoting favorable grounds for cooperation among the five regional states in other domains.
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