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11/5/03

Convention for Protection of Caspian Environment signed in Iran

The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea (Tehran Convention) was signed by the plenipotentiary representatives of the five littoral countries of the sea in Tehran on Tuesday, IRNA reported.

Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan are the five countries situated around the world's biggest lake.

According to the Tehran Convention, all Caspian Sea littoral countries are committed to take all necessary measures, individually or collectively, to reduce and control pollution of the sea.

Adopting all measures to save, protect and rehabilitate the environmental resources of the sea, using its resources in a manner that would not inflict any damage on the sea's living environment, cooperation among littoral states as well as their collaboration with relevant international bodies are among other issues agreed upon within the framework of the convention.

The Tehran Convention was arranged and signed in 37 articles and 9 chapters.

Prior to the signing of the convention, the message of Iran's President Mohammad Khatami was read to audience by Vice President and head of the Department of Environment Masoumeh Ebtekar.

The Tehran Convention, which comes out after two days of elaborations in Tehran, is the first official and legally-binding document signed by the Caspian Sea littoral countries after the collapse of the former Soviet Union.

Tehran Convention will ease coop among Caspian states: Safari

Iran's Special Envoy for Caspian Sea Affairs Mehdi Safari said in Tehran on Wednesday that the Convention on the Caspian Sea environment (Tehran Convention) will prepare ground for cooperation between Caspian Sea littoral states in various fields.

Safari made the remarks as he talked to IRNA on the sidelines of a ceremony held here Tuesday to sign the convention by the plenipotentiary representatives of the five littoral countries of the sea.

"The convention was finalized in joint cooperation of the Caspian Sea littoral states and support of international organizations and United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)," Safari said.

He noted that the Caspian Sea's ecosystem can be very effective in regional situation including climate, agriculture and living. "The Islamic Republic is very sensitive in regards to the Caspian Sea environment and took several measures to reduce the environmental pollution of the sea," Safari said.

He assessed the signing of the Tehran Convention as among important steps to protect the environment of the sea.

Pointing to the impacts of the convention on cooperation among Caspian Sea's littoral states to determine its legal regime, the official said the convention would be a good example for cooperation of the sea's littoral states in other issues.

"Iran has always announced that the five Caspian Sea's littoral states can settle the sea's problems unanimously," he said, adding the convention was a very great step and a very good example.

The five littoral states of the Caspian Sea can hold negotiations in determining the legal regime of the Caspian Sea and to reach an acceptable result in this regard, Safari said.

The five coastal states of the Caspian Sea -- Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan -- are at odds over the division of the land-locked sea which still lacks a new legal regime to exploit its resources after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Iran calls for a condominium or common sovereignty on the sea and has made it known that it will reject any unilateral action for energy exploration in the sea before the issue of the legal regime is settled.

The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea (Tehran Convention) was signed by the plenipotentiary representatives of the five littoral countries of the sea here Tuesday.

According to the Tehran Convention, all Caspian Sea littoral countries are committed to take all necessary measures, individually or collectively, to reduce and control pollution of the sea.

Adopting all measures to save, protect and rehabilitate the environmental resources of the sea, using its resources in a manner that would not inflict any damage on the sea's living environment, cooperation among littoral states as well as their collaboration with relevant international bodies are among other issues agreed upon within the framework of the convention.

Annan hails signing of Caspian Sea Environmental Treaty

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan on Tuesday hailed the adoption in Iran of a five-nation treaty to protect the fragile environment of the Caspian Sea, the world's largest freshwater lake, said the UN Information Center (UNIC) in Tehran on Wednesday.

Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Turkmenistan have signed the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea.

In New York, a spokesman for Annan issued a statement saying the Secretary-General regarded the treaty - which had been negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) - as a "significant step forward for the region... (it will) benefit the health and livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people."

Annan's spokesman praised the five signatory nations for "sending a message to their people and to the world that multilateral cooperation for sustainable developments is not only essential but possible. "

The treaty requires the five countries to prevent and cut pollution, restore the environment, use resources sustainably and cooperate more to protect the environment.

... Payvand News - 11/5/03 ... --



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