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7/28/04

Iranian Archeologists Learn How Achaemenid Architects Buttressed Pasargadae

Source: Iranian Cultural Heritage News Agency

Achaemenid architects had properly applied foundation-making principles in Pasargadae to boost its resilience, Iranian archeologists concluded.

Having studied techniques applied in construction of Achaemenids' first capital city over the past year, experts with Parse-Pasargadae Project decided the designers used the foundation method since the area's land has been feeble.

"We have come to the conclusion that Achaemenid architects have built the monuments on two layers of stone foundation," said Babak Kial, head of the site. "This technique has enabled the ancient city to withstand quakes over the centuries."

Pasargadae, located 70 km north of Persepolis, was the oldest capital of the ancient Achaemenid empire, built by the founder of this empire, King Cyrus the Great (559-330 B.C.). It resembled a park of 2x3 km in which several monumental buildings were to be seen. Prior to his death, Cyrus I founded a new capital city at Pasargadae in Fars and had established a government for his Empire.

Pasargadae covered an area almost 1.5 miles in length and included palaces, a temple and the tomb of the king of kings. The city was built on the site where King Cyrus defeated the leader of the Medes, Astyages, in 550 B.C. Cyrus appointed a governor (satrap) to represent him in each province, however the administration, legislation, and cultural activities of each province was the responsibility of the Satraps.

The heart of Pasargadae is the citadel, which is known as Tall-i-Takht or 'throne hill'. It overlooks a garden in the south, and the palace complex itself. This consists of two smaller units: the residential palace and multi-columned audience halls. The audience hall or Apadana can be approached from the south-east; the visitor first has to pass a gate and then has to cross a bridge over the river Pulvār.

... Payvand News - 7/28/04 ... --



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