The professor of Tehran's Teachers Training University, speaking for a group of university students from Shahid Abbaspour Water And Power University, under the title 'Human Rights, from Theory to Practice', added, "unaccountable powers, even if they are theoretically and apparently respecting the human rights, violate such rights in practice."
He said, "In order to trace violation of human rights, the first step is to find those trends and groups that deny such rights' existence."
Arguing that those who violate the human rights deny them in two spheres, namely the 'theoretical' and the 'practical' fields, Kadivar added, "Those who deny the existence of human rights believe in the supremacy of a certain group over the general public, while those who actually violate them, initially find faults with the human rights and create restrictions for their implementation."
Dr. Kadivar reiterated, "Those who cannot yield to the fact that the human beings are created as equals, would naturally not yield to respecting the human rights either, because the former assumption is the basis of the latter rights."
The head of Iran's Association for Freedom of the Press said, "Those who believe in legal supremacy of a race, a nation, or a religion theoretically, cannot believe in the need to respect human rights as well."
According to this theological sciences researcher, governments like Israel, that are based on racist beliefs, and the legal supremacy of a certain race, as well as those who believe in superiority of a certain religion, are fundamentally opposed to the basic foundations of the human rights.
Referring to those who believe anything outside what religion has referred to is "untrue", Kadivar argued, "Those who say if religion has not approved of a matter, that matter is unjustifiable, are theoretically opposed to the human rights.
The Teachers Training University professor reiterated, "There have been cults in Islamic history, too, that did not consider the human rights and social justice justifiable outside religion's realm, but on the contrary, there have been Islamic schools of thought that believed such issues must merely be defined rationally."
Kadivar said, "We should not ask religion where to find justice, but we have the right to seek justice in the context of religion."
According to this former MP, human rights are rational issues, and whatever that is approved by sound logic, is approved by God, as well, and therefore, observing it pleases Him."
He said, "Just as logic and philosophy can be tools in the hand of religion, human rights, too, can play such a role."
Kadivar believes, "Our defense of the human rights is because they are rationally approved, and any rational human being naturally favors respecting them."
The University professor referring to the practical aspect of the human rights, said, "The violation of human rights by those governments that have signed the UN Declaration of Human Rights proves that theoretical belief in human rights is by no means a guarantee for respecting them in practice."
Kadivar meanwhile did not consider democracy a good guarantee for the human rights, arguing, "In countries where the rules of democracy are respected, human rights are observed relatively well in dealing with their own citizens, but when they confront other nations, the human rights are easily and totally forgotten."
The theological researcher reiterated, "Groups and societies should heed the observation of human rights outside their own countries, as much as they care for their observation at home.
He said, "Considering the human rights as an ideal is by no means enough in today's world, so long as ethics are not observed, since before that they are not practically applicable."
According to this university professor, "The best ethical guarantee for the observation of human rights today is to condemn their violation, no matter by whom, or where they have been violated."
Kadivar added, "religious ethics support the observation of human rights, and their unique capacities can be employed at the service of promoting the observation of such rights at broader and vaster scales."
He criticized the Iranian society for paying less attention to the fate of the Palestinian nation, saying, "Quite unfortunately, when Hamas leaders were assassinated by Israel, the Iranians did not show any reaction whatsoever."
He added, "If we are opposed to the conduct of certain individuals inside the country, we should not also remain indifferent in dealing with those who defend the humane ideals as well."
Kadivar said, "Palestine issue is the story of a nation that has paved all legal and political ways in pursuit of its denied rights, quite in vain though, and has therefore resorted to martyrdom seeking operations. How then could one call them terrorists for resorting to that last option?"
Criticizing certain Iranian and foreign press for the way they reflect the news on Palestine, he reiterated, "As an Iranian reformist, I defend the ideals of the oppressed Palestinian nation, and firmly believe the operations launched by Palestinian groups are all legitimate, because all other paths are unfortunately blocked for them."
The university professor who was formerly imprisoned for a series of articles he published in a weekly owned by another imprisoned journalist Akbar Ganji, said, "looking at Palestine issue unbiased, and without taking sides, we would realize that the most acute types of human rights violations have taken place against that nation."
Kadivar said, "Unfortunately, the big powers of the world interpret the human rights in a way to secure their own interests."
He concluded his remarks arguing, "For instance, so long as the deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussain safeguarded the US interests, he was supported by the West, and broadest violations of the human rights in Iraq were arrogantly ignored."
... Payvand News - 6/1/04 ... --