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5/4/04

Khatami praises Iranian Poet Bahar as freedom seeker, brilliant journalist

Tehran, May 4, IRNA -- President Mohammad Khatami said Tuesday that Mohammad Taqi Bahar was an outstanding cultural figure, a freedom seeker, a brilliant journalist and an accurate historian.

In a message to a seminar commemorating the outstanding Iranian poet, Mohammad Taqi Bahar, the president referred to him as a symbol of cultural and political developments in Iran's contemporary history.

In his message which was read by presidential advisor, Hadi Khaniki, Khatami called for paying more attention to cultural and political activities of the brilliant poet.

Mohammad Taqi Bahar (1886-1951), who was given the name Malek-o-Sho'ara, is considered one of the greatest literary figures in the Iranian contemporary history. He was a distinguished poet, a master of literature, a writer, a college professor, a notable journalist and a political activist.

Over half a century of his life was spent in literary work including research. He played a pivotal role in development and evolution of contemporary Persian prose and poetry.

As a teenager, he startled the critics and experts by manifesting his creativity and imagination in composing poems. He composed his first poem at the age of 14. He commingled the traditional poetry with fresh concepts.

As a journalist, Bahar played an important role in the Constitution Revolution (Mashrouteh 1906-1941) by publishing his newspaper "No-Bahar" and writing political articles advocating the movement.

As an intellectual, he repeatedly was elected as a member of the National Consultative Assembly (Parliament). He founded the Daneshkadeh Literary Society (the publisher of Daneshkadeh magazine) in 1917. The periodical was his actual means of dispersing the results of his literary research and introducing the European literature to Iranians. This is where Bahar's poems and prose appeared. This periodical played a key role in strengthening and developing the contemporary style in the Persian literature.

In 1917, he gradually put the politics aside and dedicated his time to literature. As a college professor, he started to teach literature in Tehran University, while editing and writing books. He was appointed as the culture minister only for a few months.

His renowned books include "History of political parties", "Diversification of Persian prose", and the collection of his poems.

... Payvand News - 5/4/04 ... --



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