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A look at the glorious past architecture of Tabriz

Tabriz, East Azarbaijan prov, Nov 7, IRNA -- Geographers and tourists have often made reference to the East Azarbaijan capital city of Tabriz as well as its glorious monuments and palaces constructed at the order of the monarchs, ministers and commanders.

Through time, A number of the historical relics of the city were either demolished during the invasions or damaged in natural disasters such as earthquakes and flood.

Meanwhile, some of the historical architectural structures were destroyed during the rule of Pahlavi in clear opposition to their predecessors, the Qajar dynasty.

The great number of magnificent buildings and beautiful palaces constructed in Tabriz designated that the city was the residence of the crown prince during the Qajar rule.

Shamsolemareh was one such historical monument, which was constructed by Najaf-Qoli Khan where the current governor general's office is located.

It was an attractive four-story building with a high dome and designed by local architects.

During the rule of Abbas Mirza, the monument was the residence of crown prince and was renamed as Ali Qapu. It was called Shamsolemareh after the monument in Tehran by the same name when Nassereddin Shah was still a crown prince.

The urban elderly refer to the monument as the 'State Building', given that in old days it was the residence of Azarbaijan's governor general.

During the reign of Mozaffareddin Shah, major repairs took place on it and another building was added to its northern flank which was used as a haremsara (women's residence).

The palace was set ablaze in 1933 when the provincial governor general, Adibolsaltaneh Sami'ie, resided there.

The day after Shamsolemareh burned in fire, the people composed a melancholy song about the event and chanted it on and on, as if the fire had burned their bodies.

When Ali Mansur was in office as East Azarbaijan governor general, the monument was completely destroyed and the new governor general's office was constructed in its place.

Sahebabad monument and the garden by the same name were located at the great urban square beside the city's fortress at a neighborhood now called as Sahebolamr square.

Safa garden on Sorkhab mountain foot was located at the eastern flank of Shams-e Tabrizi Ave and belonged to Fat'hali Shah Qajar's son and crown prince, Abbas Mirza.

... Payvand News - 11/7/04 ... --

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