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5/31/05

Parthian and Sassanid Inscribed Vocabulary Collected in a Dictionary

The book is the most complete collection ever of the Pahlavi words found in rock inscriptions, seals, pottery writing, and papyri dating back to the Sassanid and Parthian era.

Tehran, May 30 (CHN) - All the vocabulary of the Sassanid and Parthian inscriptions, seals, papyri, and pottery are collected and are to be published in a comprehensive dictionary by end of September.

The book is the most complete collection ever of the Pahlavi words found in rock inscriptions, seals, pottery writing, and papyri dating back to the Sassanid and Parthian era.

According to Darius Akbarzadeh, director of the Hall of Inscriptions of the Iranian National Museum which is in charge of the project, the book covers all the words inscribed at the two era, not only those of the large and famous inscriptions, and both those found on rocks and mountains and the movable ones.

"Each entry of the dictionary includes the original form of the word, its phonetics, its frequency of use, the address of the including inscription(s), and finally the Persian translation," explains Akbarazadeh.

The dictionary is planned to come to the market by end of September 2005.

Previously, just a concise collection of Pahlavi words of unmovable inscriptions found on rocks and mountains were compiled by Sorbonne professor, director of the studies of ancient Iran religions, and president of the association for the development of Iranian studies, Philippe Gignoux.

Pahlavi was the formal language of the Parthian and Sassanid era.

The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Parthia was the arch-enemy of the Roman Empire in the East and it limited Rome's expansion beyond Cappadocia (central Anatolia). The end of the empire came in 224 CE.

Of the Parthian times, no literary inscription is left because Aramid and Greek were the more popular languages of the time. Writings on clays and rocks are the only Pahlavi remnants of the era.

The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) ruled Iran during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid King, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate, the first of the Islamic empires.

The inscriptions of Ardeshir in Naghsh-e Rostam of Shiraz, Fars, those of Shapur, and the one related to Zoroaster in the Zoroastrian Kaaba are the most important ones remaining from the Sassanid era. Pahlavi words of the Sassanid era are also found on bowls, glasses, mirror frames, etc.

... Payvand News - 5/31/05 ... --



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