Tehran, 19 November 2005 (CHN) - Scholars from Lyon and Toronto Universities have asked to carry out excavations in the ancient caves of Mazandaran province in Iran.
Previous studies and excavations in the caves indicate that human settlement in Mazandaran province dates back to 40,000 years ago.
Mazandaran province, in the southern coastal line of the Caspian Sea, enjoys several unique caves such as Kushiman. Mazandaran is one of the most historical provinces of Iran, the inhabitants of which have lived in urbanized societies from the 5th millennium BC. Until now a lot of mysteries of the 5,000-year-old life of the people of the region have been revealed.
"We are determined to start digging archaeological boring pits in the historical Kumishan cave. The cave has undergone excavations both before and after the revolution, but none of them were systematic," said Ali Mahforouzi, head of research center of the historical caves of Mazandaran province.
"Professor Grieg from University of Toronto in Canada, and Professor Lindz from Lyon University in France have asked for cooperation in digging boring pits in Kumishan cave in this respect," added Mahforouzi.
According to Mahforouzi, since during the excavations, stratigraphy studies have also been carried out, the upcoming season of excavations of Kushiman cave is very important.
The request of the Canadian and French archaeologists for taking part in the excavations of Kushiman cave has been submitted to the ICHTO Archaeology Research Center, however, their presence is not yet confirmed.
"Archaeological excavations of Gohar Tepe have just been finished, therefore it is still too soon to start the archaeological excavations in Kumishan cave, but in an appropriate time we will restart the work," explained Mahforouzi.
Mazandaran caves including Kumishan, Kamarband, and Hoto are the most important historical caves of the country, in which some evidence of cave dwelling human beings have been discovered. No comprehensive archaeological excavations have been carried out on these caves so far.
Kumishan is one of the famous caves of Mazandaran which dates back to the Paleolithic era and the new discoveries indicate that it was then used as a human habitation.
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