Tehran, 17 October 2005 (CHN) - Cyrus benefited his grandfather's ruling policies in building one of Persia's greatest empires, the Achaemenids. Teispes (Chishpish), Cyrus' grandfather, was the king of a small realm but his policies provided the bed for the establishment of the vast Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
Cyrus is usually considered as the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, but studies depict that it was the policies of Teispes that prepared the situation for the emergence of Persian Empire.
As Cyrus said in his cylinder, "I am Cyrus, King of the globe, great king, mighty king, King of Babylon, king of the land of Sumer and Akad, King of ......, king of the four quarters of Earth, son of Cambysis, great king, king of Anshan, grandson of Cyrus, great king, king of Anshan, descendant of Teispes (Chaish Pish), great king, king of Anshan, progeny of an unending royal line, whose rule, The Gods, Bel and Nabu cherish, whose kingship they desire for their hearts' and pleasures".
His pedigree shows that his ancestors were the kings of a land named Anshan and their origin can be traced back to a person called Achaemenes. Achaemenes' royal descendants revered him and credited him as the founder of their dynasty, but very little was ever remembered about his specific achievements. Most likely he was a warrior chieftain who led the Persians, or a tribe of Persians, as a vassal of the Median Empire.
Teispes was, perhaps, the son of Achaemenes, whose name was given to the Achaemenid dynasty. Teispes ruled the district of Anshan in Elam (north of the Persian Gulf) and tried to maintain a neutral position between the powerful kingdoms of Elam and Assyria. Teispes, took the title "King of Anshan" and allied himself with the Elamites in their war against Sennacherib. When Ashurbanipal sacked Susa in 646, Cyrus I (Kurush) became an Assyrian vassal. The kingdom of Anshan and its successors continued to use Elamite as an official language for quite some time after this, although the new dynasts spoke Persian, an Indo-Iranian tongue.
Teispes' name has been mentioned two times in ancient Persian inscription, once in Bisotun inscription where Darius describes his dynasty, and once in the Golden Tablet in Ekbatana. Teispes' descendants branched off into two lines, one line ruling in Anshan, while the other ruled the rest of Persia. Cyrus II the Great united the separate kingdoms around 559 BC.
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