Hamedan, Sept 5, IRNA-Hamedan province with its unique natural and historical tourist attractions shines like a gem in western Iran.
Since ancient time, the province has been the hub of various civilizations on account of its favorable climate.
More than 660 archaic hills impregnated with the traces of human activities in various eras prove the dynamic nature of the area in the course of history.
As the national tourist hub, Hamedan province is known not only for its 1,300 ancient historical and cultural relics, but its natural attractions such as the exquisite Ali Sadr Cave, Ganjnameh and Abbas-Abad parks in the provincial capital of Hamedan, Seifiyeh Park in the town of Malayer and Sarab-Gian in Nahavand annually attract a great number of tourists.
Ali Sadr Cave is situated 80 kms to the northwest of Hamedan at Soubashi mountains in Ali Sadr village near Gol-Tappeh township in the suburb of the provincial town of Kabudarahang.
The cave is known as one of the most attractive natural sites of Iran and the world for its special features including the continuously flowing waterways and vast lakes suitable for boating.
The lakes water has no color and scent. No living creature is found in the lakes. Their temperature is stable throughout the year and is almost 12 degrees Centigrade. The water is so transparent that one can see through a 10-meter depth at daylight with naked eyes.
The landscape of the cave interior is exquisite and its weather is quite nice and without any dust and pollution. It is cool in summer and warm in winter.
Seyfieh Park in Malayer is one of the oldest natural attractions in western Iran. It is located on the slopes of Garmeh mountain to the northeast of the town measuring 10 hectares in area. It was constructed by the grandson of Fat'halishah Qajar in 1304.
This western province is quite famous for its handicrafts, some of which such as ceramics are even exported. Lalejin situated 30 kms from the capital city of Hamedan is the major provincial pottery hub.
The craft dates back to 700 years ago and currently 700 workshops are in operation in Lalehjin, where 1,800 individuals are working.
Some 10-15 percent of the ceramics produced here are consumed in the province and the remaining is exported either to other parts of Iran or overseas.
Hegmataneh Palace dates back to the 8th century BC and the military/political ruling of the Medes once the central government of Iran was established after captivating Assyria in 614 BC. It is one of the most ancient monuments of Hamedan.
The archaic Hegmataneh hill has always been of great appeal to the tourists interested in the history of human being in various periods.
Noushijan Fire Temple some 60 kms to the south of Hamedan proves that Zoroaster's disciples resided in the area in the second half of the 8th century up to the first half of the 6th century BC.
The mausoleum of the prominent Iranian philosopher, scientist and physician Avicenna and that of the 5th century Iranian mystic and outstanding composer of couplets Baba Taher Uryan are two major provincial tourist attractions located in Hamedan.
Alavian Dome dating back to the late Saljuq era, which has been built above the tombs of two members of Alavians, is located in a boulevard in the city of Hamedan named after the dome.
Shah Abbas Caravansary dating back to the Safavid era is a four-veranda brickwork square structure located along the route to Tuyserkan.
Alvand mountain range in the province is often covered with colored tulips and beautiful springs.
One of the most exclusive historical national hills named "Gian" dating back to 4th-1st BC is situated to the south of the provincial town of Nahavand.
Hamedan province with an area measuring 19,493 square kms is bordered by Zanjan and Qazvin provinces on the north, Lorestan province on the south, Markazi province on the east as well as Kermanshah and Kurdestan provinces on the west.
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