London, Sept 16, IRNA-The EU is pinning hope of reaching a compromise on Iran's nuclear programme on proposals which Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is expected to make in his speech to the UN General Assembly on Saturday.
After a meeting with Ahmadinejad chaired by UN Secretary Seneral Kofi Annan in New York Thursday, British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said the EEI would make an assessment of the proposals.
"What we're going to do is to listen carefully to what the president is going to say on Saturday afternoon and we'll take it from there," Straw said.
A British Foreign Office spokesman in London said that after the speech, the EU would be consulting with its international partners to see where to go from there." According to the Financial Times Friday, Iran is to propose international joint ventures in its nuclear programme as a means of providing an `objective guarantee' that it will not be diverted for military use.
"Iran will suggest international cooperation for uranium enrichment and invite Europe, Russia, China and South Africa to joint venture in which Iran keeps its nuclear fuel cycle," spokesman for Iran's Supreme National Security Council, Ali Agha-Mohammadi, was quoted as saying.
The apparent change in tact of not preferring to refer Iran's nuclear programme to the UN Security Council follows reports that the EU and US had failed to muster a majority among IAEA board members for such action.
It also comes after Straw cancelled a planned speech at the last minute on `Why Iran Matter' at the International Institute for Strategic Affairs on Tuesday in which he had been expected to repeat Britain's call for the case to go to the UN.
The Times newspaper Friday reported that the idea of the French, German and British foreign ministers holding talks with the Iranian president at the UN was suggested by Straw during a lunch with the UN Secretary General in London last weekend.
The meeting was said to have been later confirmed by Annan and led to the British Foreign Secretary flying one day earlier to the UN on Wednesday so the talks with Ahmadinejad could take place before the German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer returned home.
After the meeting French Foreign Minister Philippe Douste-Blazy, also reiterated that "what happens at the IAEA is directly linked to what Mr Ahmadinejad says on Saturday." More directly, Fischer was quoted as saying that the EU must be realistic and focus on the new proposals and examine carefully what is the impact and in which direction we can move.
Ahmadinejad rules out comments by violators of safeguards
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said on Thursday that countries violating nuclear safeguards are not competent to comment on other states' peaceful nuclear program.
In an interview on the sidelines of the UN summit, Ahmadinejad said disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons are the most important chapters of the Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
"A country, which possesses the biggest nuclear arsenal, embarks on proliferation of nuclear weapons in defiance of the safeguards and threatens to use them against others, is not competent to comment on peaceful use of nuclear know-how by other states." In a meeting with several American chief editors and directors of the highly circulated newspapers and news and TV channels, he stressed that instead of raising any claims, such a country should be brought under the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and be accountable for its conducts and measures.
"The present era marks the era of awakening of public opinion and the implementation of the will and wishes of nations. The era of bullying and resorting to force is passing away because it is the resolve of nations that has the last say."
He ruled out opining by a few countries on behalf of the international community, saying, "The world has not allowed anybody to speak on behalf of the world nations.
"Therefore, the countries assigning other states should know that such an approach worldwide will not guarantee a lasting order." Ahmadinejad said those who have used shells contaminated with depleted uranium in Iraq should be accountable for their move, saying the shells were used against Iraqi people and even the occupying forces were not immune of their adverse impacts.
"Had former Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein been the main target, they could have stopped supporting him and let Iraqi nation decide about him and their own future," added Ahmadinejad.
Asked about possibility of Iran's using fossil fuel reserves, he said all scientists and pundits know well that fossil fuel reserves are depleting and the US, despite having giant fossil fuel reserves, has made considerable amount of investment in the nuclear energy field.
"If countries are to be forced to use a special kind of product, in that case many restrictions should be imposed on the US," said the president.
He said that as a developing state, Iran should speedily increase its investment in different energy related sectors and undoubtedly, it will benefit from its legal and natural right and will not miss the chance to use nuclear energy, which is a clean source of energy.
He dismissed as "unreasonable and unacceptable" the dual approach which considers the use of nuclear energy "good" for some states and "bad" for certain other states.
Turning to the developments in Iraq, Ahmadinejad said that based on the international relations laws, Iraq's occupiers are responsible for the country's security.
"It seems that insecurity in Iraq has provided a pretext for continued occupation of the country but experience has proved that presence of occupiers is in contradiction with the interests of the country's people," said the Iranian president.
He stressed that the Islamic Republic of Iran is sensitive towards the developments in Iraq.
"Strong emotional and cultural affinities between the Iranian nation and the Iraqi people from different walks of life, including Kurds, Turkmens, Shiites and Sunnis, prompt Tehran to be sensitive towards Iraqi issues.
"Iran supports Iraqi people's right to decide their own fate and takes security in its neighboring country as its own."
He said the bullying of those possessing nuclear weapons worldwide have made the world insecure. "Where will the world lead to with this model of domination, intimidation and threat and use of a literature of supremacy," he asked.
Ahmadinejad said the UN Security Council is a haven to promote peace worldwide not a place to threaten and intimidate people.
"When the Security Council turns into a tool to threaten the rights of nations, it will surely lose its efficiency and the adverse impacts of such relations will affect the whole world," said the president.
"The military, economic and media supremacy of a country would not reserve any rights for it and such a country cannot demand any rights beyond what the international regulations have officially recognized for it. Therefore, the US should stop dealing with the world from a position of supremacy."
In another part of the interview, Ahmadinejad said love, affection and kindness towards human beings would guarantee lasting peace and security worldwide.
"We should love human beings to move towards goodness and virtues. If we do not like human beings, we will not be contented with anything less than genocide, tyranny and development of weapons of mass destruction," he said.
Ahmadinejad said if the US administration wants lasting and durable peace and security, it should change its approach towards nations, the approach which is based on supremacy and humiliation, and instead stand beside nations and love them.
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