Amnesty International calls for release of Iranian bus workers
Press Release, Amnesty
InternationalAmnesty International is calling
on the Iranian authorities to release immediately hundreds of Tehran bus workers
who were detained last week apparently to pre-empt threatened strike action.
Although some of the workers have been released, hundreds are reported still to
be detained without charge or trial at Tehran’s Evin Prison.
began after the executive committee of the Union of Workers of the Tehran and
Suburbs Bus Company, which represents workers employed by the United Bus Company
of Tehran (Sharekat-e Vahed), called for a strike on 28 January in support of
various union demands. These included the release of the union’s leader, Mansour
Ossanlu, who has been detained without charge or trial since 22 December 2005,
the introduction of collective bargaining and for the bus company, which is run
by the Tehran local authority, to grant a pay increase.
reports, leaflets announcing the strike were widely distributed in Tehran on 24
January 2006 and one member of the union’s executive, Hosseini Tabar, was
detained for about four hours while helping with this. Next day, six other
members of the union’s executive committee - Ebrahim Madadi, Mansour Hayat
Ghaybi, Seyed Davoud Razavi, Sa’id Torabian, Ali Zad Hossein and Gholamreza
Mirza’i - were summoned to appear at the Public Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran.
When they did so on 26 January, they were arrested when they refused to call off
the strike and taken to Evin Prison. Interviewed by the official IRNA news
agency, the Mayor of Tehran reportedly described the union as illegal and said
that the authorities would not permit the strike to go ahead. The United Bus
Company’s management threatened workers who supported the strike call with the
loss of their jobs.
The authorities then carried out mass arrests of
union members on 27 January, the eve of the threatened strike, detaining some
workers as they completed their shifts and others at their homes. Those detained
included the wives of Mansour Hayat Ghaybi and Seyed Davoud Razavi, and a third
union leader, Yaghub Salimi.
Security forces raided Yaghub Salimi’s home
after he was interviewed by a Berlin-based radio station but he was absent at
the time. However, his wife and their children were beaten and detained. Mahdiye
Salimi, aged 12, described her ordeal later in a radio interview. She said that
three women and five children had been arrested, that they had been beaten and
that her two-year-old sister had been injured when she was pushed roughly into a
security forces vehicle, and that her mother had been kicked in the chest.
Mahdiye Salimi was released, together with her mother and young sister, when
Yaghub Salimi gave himself up to the security forces. The other children and
women who were detained are also now reported to have been released.
Hundreds more union members are reported to have been arrested on the
day of the strike, 28 January, with most of these also being taken to Evin
Prison. Workers were reportedly beaten with batons, punched, kicked and
threatened to force them to work, including by members of the volunteer Basij
force who had apparently been brought in replace striking workers, and security
forces reportedly used tear gas and fired shots into the air. Further arrests
were reported on 29 and 30 January.
Currently, only some 30 to 50 of
those detained are reported to have been released, apparently after they agreed
under duress to sign guarantees that they would not participate in strikes or
other protest actions. As many as 500 others are believed still to be held at
Evin Prison without access to lawyers or family. Some are reported to have
started a hunger strike on 29 January to protest their detention. Another strike
has been called for 2 February 2006.
Amnesty International is concerned
that those detained are being held solely on account of their peaceful
activities as trade unionists and as such are prisoners of conscience who should
be released immediately and unconditionally. The right to form and join trade
unions is well-established in international law, notably under Article 22 of the
International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Article 8 of
the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).
Iran is a state party to both of these treaties.
Iran is also a member of
the International Labour Organization and bound by its requirements, including
the ILO Committee on Freedom of Association’s ruling that it is not legitimate
for states to restrict the right to strike during disputes concerning workers’
occupational and economic interests. States can restrict the right to strike
only in cases of acute national emergency (and then for a limited period only),
which is clearly not the situation which prevails in Tehran. Freedom of
association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
are core principles of the ILO’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and
Rights at Work, which requires all state parties “to respect, to promote and to
realize, in good faith and in accordance with the Constitution, the principles
[of the Declaration].”
representing Tehran’s bus workers was banned after the 1979 Islamic Revolution,
then reactivated in 2004 although it is not legally-recognized. On 22 December
2005, police arrested 12 of the union’s leaders at their homes but quickly
released four of them. Further union members were arrested on 25 December while
staging a bus strike in Tehran to call for the release of their colleagues but
they and all those arrested earlier were released in the following days with the
exception of Mansour Ossanlu. He continues to be detained and to be denied
access to a lawyer, and is said possibly to be facing serious charges of having
contact with exiled opposition groups and instigating armed revolt.
union members, including Mansour Hayat Ghaybi; Ebrahim Madadi; Reza Tarazi;
Gholamreza Mirza’i; Abbas Najand Kouhi and Ali Zad Hossein, were reportedly
summoned to appear before a Revolutionary Court in Tehran on 1 January 2006 to
face public order charges but their trial was postponed when other union members
protested outside the court.
On 7 January, five drivers were reportedly
detained when bus company workers staged another strike but later
For further information please see Urgent Action AI Index MDE
13/002/2006 which can be found at http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE130022006?open&of=ENG-IRN
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