Tehran, 5 June 2006 (CHN) -- The first workshop for promoting the management and planning of cultural landscapes of world heritage was held from 29th of May to 2nd of June 2006 in Persepolis historical site, Fars province. This seminar was holding by the joint cooperation between Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), the Research Center of ICHTO, Parse-Pasargadae Research Center, and UNESCO.
By attendance of 60 experts from 8 countries including the representatives from governmental organizations, NGOs, the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), UNESCO, universities, research centers, and archeologists both from inside and outside the country, the first workshop for promoting the management and planning of cultural landscapes of world heritage had a successful outcome.
The top agenda of this workshop was about: determining the protection area of cultural landscapes of world heritage according to heritage values; public participation and preparation of traditional management in preserving cultural landscape; proposing legislation on ownership of properties, usage of lands and management of cultural landscape; promoting cultural sensitivity about cultural landscape and causing sustainable tourism development in the area of cultural landscapes.
In addition to appreciate ICHTO and UNESCO for providing such an opportunity for cultural experts to discuss the issues about promoting the management and planning of cultural landscapes of world heritage, the participants in this workshop asked for publishing and distributing the submitted papers and the accomplishments of the Persepolis seminar in pamphlets to be usable for enthusiasts.
Considering the former achievements during the last decade to preserve the cultural landscapes of the world heritage such as UNESCO's convention in 1972 about protecting natural and cultural heritage of the world, etc, the participants in Persepolis workshop for promoting the management and planning of cultural landscape of world heritage offered the following suggestions:
- The local and national authorities, inter- governmental organizations and NGOs, universities, private individuals and organizations who are active in saving and sustainable development of cultural landscape should play an active role in determining and preserving the cultural landscape to pave the way for their registrations in the list of world heritage.
- The local and national authorities are recommended to support the scientific researches and evaluation of heritage values of ecosystem, natural and cultural landscapes especially in endangered areas and to publish the results of these researches.
- For preserving the cultural landscapes, they have suggested to impose some national regulations for protection and sustainable development of cultural landscape in each country.
- The member countries to compile some national approaches for management and planning of cultural landscapes to reach to a long-term sustainable development and to implement these approaches according to the item 5 of UNESCO's convention for world heritage and paragraph no. 119 of the executive approaches of the world heritage convention.
- National and local authorities pay special attention to and support the endangered human groups such as nomads and some local communities and to improve their economical and social life and whatever which would have an affect on cultural landscape including the method of their living and the way make use of lands.
- The managers and programmers of the cultural landscapes should analyze the relation between different aspects of cultural heritage, people and regional economical progress to coordinate their activities in this respect.
- Cooperation between different organizations including local and national authorities, NGOs and inter-governmental organizations, universities, etc in the area of cultural landscapes.
- Before performing any program, the local and national authorities should consider different consequences of the development projects for cultural landscapes, its affect on eco-system and all its heritage values.
- For developing tourism values, the national, local and tourism authorities should pay a special attention to traditional architectural style of each region, its cultural industry and the position of cultural landscapes at the time of planning tourism infrastructures.
- It is also recommended that the national and local activists in tourism industry and the tourists to value the position of the people of local communities and their cultural heritage in their tourism approaches in cultural landscapes programs.
- Different organizations including governmental and non-governmental should organize their training programs to promote human resources for preserving sustainable development of cultural landscapes.
- It is suggested that local and governmental organizations and media have strategic plans to increase public knowledge about the importance of cultural landscapes and strengthening the local participations through dialogue and clarification the case in protecting cultural landscapes.
-It would be better for the managers of cultural landscape areas to have a complete conception about the way of thinking of the people of the region to reach a successful managing over the local community and preserve the qualities of cultural landscapes. - Having a special focus on correlation between people and ecosystems, the local and governmental authorities should increase the trainings in world heritage and to raise the participation of NGOs in unofficial training activities of world heritage.
- UNESCO and the UNESCO's committee of world heritage are recommended to publish the outcomes of their most recent studies about different cases of successful running of cultural landscapes and also management techniques of the cultural landscapes as it was approved in the framework of the committee of the world heritage in 1993. The member states are also recommended to compile national managing approaches appropriate with the local needs.
- UNESCO and the member states are recommended to hold some scheduled meetings about the issues of cultural landscapes and world heritage with a special focus on cultural tourism development considering the potential of the area, protecting the cultural heritage and its landscapes, estimating the cultural affect and the outcomes of development activities on cultural landscapes, readiness on the case of emergency or unpredicted events, creating coherence between touchable and untouchable heritage.
- UNESCO and the member states are recommended to establish regional expert committees for exchanging information and promoting regional cooperation to perform the convention of the world heritage.
- The committee of UNESCO' world heritage and International Center for Renovation and Maintenance (ICROM should support the regional protection programs.
- - The local and governmental organizations who are in charge of protecting the cultural landscapes are recommended to develop the suburb district of the world heritage.
- And the last suggestion of the first workshop for promoting the management and planning of cultural landscapes of world heritage in Persepolis has been given to UNESCO's committee of world heritage to do studies on the situation of world heritage sites and the developing projects near. The importance of this investigation is to prevent the increasing destructions to the cultural landscapes and world heritage sites. Considering what happened in Bolaghi Gorge historical site in Fars province which is considered as a part of Pasargadae landscape and will submerge due to the construction of Sivand Dam, this project by UNESCO will be started by studying the state of Dams and World Heritage to prevent the repetition of such irrecoverable problems.
By holding the first workshop for promoting the management and planning of cultural landscapes of world heritage with the cooperation and support of UNESCO, Iran is trying to highlight the importance of its cultural landscape, the lands that surround its historical and national sites, and to make people and organizations to realize how vital preserving the cultural landscapes are in protecting the country's cultural heritage. In fact, cultural and historical landscape has turned into a very important factor considered greatly by UNESCO during the last two decades in inscribing a place in the list of world heritage sites and one of the main concerns of cultural heritage experts and enthusiasts.
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