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Full Security Council Discusses Iran Nuclear Issue

By Nikola Krastev

All 15 members of the United Nations Security Council held an informal meeting in New York on March 14 to discuss a joint statement on Iran's nuclear program. Ambassadors are considering a draft -- backed by Britain, France, and the United States -- that would call on Iran to suspend uranium-enrichment activities and take other measures to build confidence that Iran is not secretly trying to make nuclear weapons.

UNITED NATIONS, March 15, 2006 (RFE/RL) -- Without elaborating on details, John Bolton, the U.S. ambassador to the UN, said discussions now include all 15 members of the Security Council and a draft of a resolution has been distributed to all.

"The British and the French circulated the draft elements that we've been talking about," Bolton told reporters. "There were some preliminary comments. All the other [nonpermanent] members said they would transmit these elements back to their capitals obviously for instruction and any suggestions for changes. And I think we'll probably get together again [all 15 members] informally on Thursday [March 16] afternoon, P-5 [the five permanent council members] will continue discussions tomorrow [March 15] morning."

Agreement Reached On Some Elements

The "elements" he is talking about are part of a draft statement that would urge Tehran to abandon uranium-enrichment attempts, which the United States and some other Western states believe is a cover for the making of an atomic bomb.

Ambassador Cesar Mayoral of Argentina, the Security Council president for March, hinted that there is agreement among all council members on certain parts of the draft, but that there are still parts to be worked out.

"Today we had 15 members starting the discussion," Mayoral said. "We have some elements; the others have the paper of the elements of the draft; that is the only thing they can do."

China And Russia Want Continued Talks

Wang Guangya, China's ambassador to the UN, said China's position is that Iran's compliance with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) recommendations -- and not the threat of sanctions -- will remain the focus of any final draft.

"They [Britain and France] modified their text, made it short, concise, with short, brief political message," Wang said. "They call on the Iranians to cooperate, to comply with the IAEA resolution, support the IAEA authority on this issue, and give the Security Council support for the IAEA, that the IAEA continues to play the main role."

Konstantin Dolgov, Russia's deputy ambassador to the UN, said Russia's position has not changed and that the only acceptable path to resolve the Iranian standoff is through further negotiations.

"We consider that the only [acceptable] venue is negotiations, diplomatic negotiations with the understanding, of course, that Iran must fulfill the IAEA recommendations and must not under any circumstances violate the [nuclear] nonproliferation treaty," Dolgov said. "Iran has its own sovereign rights as any other member state of the [treaty] as well as sovereign right to pursue the peaceful nuclear energy research. We have to find a balance, that's it."

Tehran Still Insists On Its Nuclear Program

Some observers have expressed skepticism that resumed Russia-Iran negotiations will produce results, and view the talks as a ploy by Tehran to win time and delay Security Council action. Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad said on March 14 that Iran will continue with its own nuclear research.

"You have to be sure that nuclear fuel production technology is in the hands of young Iranians today," Ahmadinejad said. "They have reached it themselves and no power can take it back from them."

If divisions within the Security Council continue, the United States, Britain, and France may give up the idea of a joint statement that would require the approval of all 15 members. Instead, they could proceed with a resolution that requires a simple majority, but could be vetoed by any of the five permanent Council members.

Copyright (c) 2006 RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036.

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