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National Music Museum to be Launched in Iran

By Soudabeh Sadigh

Displaying more than 410 musical instruments and all Persian folk music traditions belonging to various cultures and subcultures, Iran's National Music Museum will be launched in Tehran.

Traditional Persian Musical Instruments
From left to right: Tombak, Setar, Tar, Daf

Tehran, 5 October 2006 (CHN) -- More than 410 Persian traditional musical instruments will be displayed in Iran's National Music Museum which will be launched with the cooperation of Iranian Music Association.

In an interview with CHN, director of Museum Department of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), Masoud Nosrati, said that collecting all the different Persian traditional musical instruments in one place is one of the main objectives behind launching of this museum. He also explained that considering the importance of Persian traditional music and its historical background, ICHTO decided to launch a National Music Museum with the cooperation of Iranian Music Association.

"More than 410 different Persian traditional musical instruments belonging to 33 cultures and 18 subcultures have been identified so far to be displayed in this museum. Some 50,000 US dollars have been allocated for purchasing these instruments. After collecting all these musical instruments, they will be categorized to be documented in a professional manner," said Nosrati.

According to Nosrati, some 3,000 pictures displaying Iranian folk traditions and ceremonies in different parts of the country will also be exhibited in this museum.

Commenting on the reason city of Tehran has been selected for this museum, Nosrati said: "Currently, it seems that the city of Tehran is the ideal place for launching this museum. However, considering the potentials of some other areas such as Khorasan and Kurdistan in music, our experts will study the possibility of launching similar museums in other cities as well."

According to Nosrati, after its establishment, Iran's National Music Museum will be managed by the Iranian Music Association.

Nosrati also announced that ICHTO is intending to launch specialized museums for folkloric plays such as Tazieh or religious drama.

The history of music culture in Iran goes back to thousands of years ago. Designs and miniatures belonging to the pre-Islamic period in Iran all indicate Iranians' interest and taste in music. Even during the post-Islamic era, despite the imposing of some restrictions on music, this art survived in Iran.

Iran's music is a mixture of tunes and melodies which have been created in the course of history. Iranian local melodies are one of the richest, most beautiful and most diverse amongst the folklore melodies in the world. These melodies reflect the thoughts, lives, and nature of the people who created them.

Iran's musical instruments have been of immense importance since the ancient times. Around a hundred years ago, Iran's music was gradually separated from songs and followed its own way. Iranian musicians and composers mastered the Persian music and made innovations in it.

Iran's instrumental music has two main parts including solo which is based on traditional music and improvisation, and group playing, either small or large groups with solo or chorus.

The oldest Persian musical instruments are the Ney (the Iranian flute) and Tambourine (Dayereh). Some other Persian musical instruments are Sorna, Kamancheh (which is a violin-like instrument), Barbat (a harp-like instrument), Tar, Setar, and Tonbak (drum).

If you are interested to read more about Persian musical instruments and listen to their delicate tone, please visit:

... Payvand News - 10/6/06 ... --

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