An international team including archeologists from Cyprus, Britain, Poland, Germany, and Greece accompanied with an Iranian team have started the fifth season of archeological excavations in Gohar Tepe historical site.
Tehran, 5 September 2006 (CHN) - The fifth season of archeological excavations in Gohar Tepe in Mazandaran province, northern Iran, has been started with attendance of a team of Iranian and foreign archeologists and experts participation of more than 20 students from domestic and foreign universities.
According to Ali Mahfooruzi, head of excavation team in Gohar Tepe, considering the context of the archeology team, the fifth season of excavations in this historical hill is much more comprehensive and developed compared to the previous seasons.
The presence of some intercourses specialists from foreign universities including four archeologists expert in metal work branches and plant archeology from University College London have been approved by Archeology Research Center of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran.
"We have a guest from Cyprus, who is a senior student of archeology and very interested in Gohar Tepe historical site. An Iranian anthropologist who is studying medicine and a Polish anthropologist, who are very interested in anthropological studies of Gohar Tepe have also join us during this season of archeological excavations," said Mahforouzi.
According to Mahforouzi, a famous British geologist who is currently working on Gorgan's historical defensive wall has been also invited to cooperate with the team.
Gohar Tepe historical site, with a 50 hectare area, is one of the most important historical sites of Mazandaran province which carries the secret of an ancient civilization. It is believed that Gohar Tepe once enjoyed a complicated urbanization with a history that goes back to some 5000 years ago. Based on stratigraphical studies done over the past few decades on the site, the existence of Gohar Tepe dates back to the middle Bronze Ate and continued to the Iron Age.
Archeologists are determined to identify the transitional period from Bronze Age to the Iron Age (the third to first millennia BC) during this season of excavation in Gohar Tepe. "In order to identify the transitional period from Bronze Age to Iron Age, we have created three new trenches in a place the graves of both periods have been discovered. This way we can see this transitional process," said Mahforouzi.
Gohar Tepe historical site is located in eastern parts of Mazandaran province between the cities of Neka and Behshahr, north of Iran. Evidence shows that from 7000 years ago to the first millenniums BC, a lot of people lived in the region, enjoying an urban life since 5000 years ago. The discovery of architectural structures and graves in this region are evidence of continual life during the later centuries there.
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