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Iran says the Algiers Agreement is unchangeable

TEHRAN, Dec. 25 (Mehr News Agency) -- The Iranian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on Tuesday saying the revocation of the Algiers Agreement by the Iraqi government is "illegal" and insisted that Iraq should "abide by the agreement".

The 1975 Algiers Agreement (commonly known as the Algiers Accord) was a treaty that was signed between Iran and Iraq to settle disputes over the Arvand Rud (Shatt-al-Arab) waterway, which forms the boundary between Iran's Khuzestan Province and Iraq.

Under international law, one nation cannot unilaterally rescind a previously ratified treaty, and the treaty had no clause providing for abrogation by one nation.

"Since the Islamic Revolution, the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has been loyal to the treaty and has strictly observed its tenets," Foreign Ministry spokesman Mohammad-Ali Hosseini said in the statement.

"The Islamic Republic of Iran not only has not questioned the validity of the 1975 accord, but in numerous official notes, which have been registered at the United Nations, it has insisted and will continue to insist on the validity of the accord."

Under international law, the treaties governing borders entail "commitments" for countries and are "unchangeable", and events such as wars and the replacement of governments and can never affect them, Hosseini added.

He went on to say that the same rule applies to the Algiers Agreement, in which the two sides "confirmed that the land and river border is unchangeable, permanent and definite."

Iraqi President Jalal Talebani recently said the agreement signed by Iran and Iraq in 1975 over dividing the Arvand Rud waterway has been rescinded.

Talebani also announced that the agreement has been canceled by the groups that opposed Iraq's former government and which now rule the country.

The treaty was signed by Saddam Hussein and Iran's last shah on March 6, 1975 under the supervision of the former Algerian president and not by Iran and Iraq, Talebani said.

... Payvand News - 12/26/07 ... --

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