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National consensus essential to uphold nuclear rights: Iranian official

Sending Iran to UN was biggest mistake of Russia, China, and EU

TEHRAN, Jan. 3 (Mehr News Agency) -- It is essential to reach a national consensus on upholding Iran's nuclear rights, International Center for Strategic Research Deputy Director Hossein Musavian said in Tehran on Wednesday.

"The most important thing is that the world should realize that all political parties, the parliament, and the administration are in consensus about producing nuclear energy," Musavian told the Mehr News Agency.

The UN Security Council voted to impose sanctions on Iran's trade in nuclear materials and technology on December 23. In response, Iran's parliament approved a bill last week obliging the government to "revise its cooperation" with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Any differences among Iranians on the nuclear issue will seriously jeopardize Iran's right to nuclear technology, the official said.

It would be more in the interests of the international community if the 5+1 group --the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany -- resumed talks with Iran as soon as possible, he added.

"We should understand the legal fine points of Iran's nuclear dossier and vigilantly make decisions, avoiding emotionalism," he noted. "We should also be extremely sensitive about the recognition of Iran's right to the nuclear fuel cycle."

Musavian noted that the biggest strategic mistake of Russia, China, and the European Union was agreeing to send Iran's nuclear dossier to the Security Council.

"Before the case was sent to the Security Council, the United States needed Russia, China, and the European powers, but since it was sent to the council, all these countries need the U.S. to control the situation," he observed.

He called the decision of China and Russia to vote for the anti-Iran UN Resolution 1737 a big failure for the two countries, adding, "By doing so, Russia and China greatly weakened their positions and strengthened the U.S. position in Iran's nuclear issue.

"We should realize that if Moscow and Beijing have to choose between Iran, the EU, and the U.S., they will not trade the U.S. and the EU for Iran."

The resolution against Iran is cunningly devised to remind the public about the resolution that was adopted against Iraq, but in fact they are completely different, he said.

"The most significant difference between the two resolutions is that force is not permitted in the resolution against Iran," he noted.

He emphasized that both sides will benefit if the problem is resolved peacefully, saying, "We cannot settle the issue hastily and impatiently."

Asked which part of the resolution is illegal, Musavian said the nuclear issue will not be resolved by calling the resolution illegal.

"Although we consider the resolution illegitimate and politically motivated, we should not forget that the Security Council has adopted it," he added. "The international community believes that the resolution is completely legal."

Direct Iran-U.S. talks will not yield positive results

He also said that holding direct talks with the U.S. at this stage will not yield positive outcomes for Iran because the problems between Tehran and Washington are more complicated than they seem.

"I don't at all believe that direct Iran-U.S. talks can help resolve the matter because our main partner is the 5+1 group. There is still room for talks with Russia and China and Non-Aligned Movement members as well."

He also ruled out the idea of pulling out of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, saying that withdrawal from the NPT would only cause the situation to deteriorate and would give the United States and Israel more opportunities to pressure Iran.

"We should not act in a way that makes the world think that we are seeking the bomb."

... Payvand News - 1/4/07 ... --

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