A cemetery with earthen architectural style has been discovered behind Kalpush Dam in Semnan province.
Tehran, 15 July 2007 (CHN) - Archeological excavations behind Kalpush Dam in Semnan province led into discovery of a unique cemetery dating back to Iron Age (1350 to 550 BC) with earthen graves.
"The Iron Age cemetery in which archeologists have recently started their excavations is considered a part of Amir Shalough hill where prior to this historical evidence belongign to Ilkhanid dynastic era were discovered. Since, we are still keeping on our researches in Amir Sharlogh historic site, we have not yet opened the graves to examine their burial gifts and skeletons," said Mahnaz Sharifi, head of excavation team behind Kalpoush dam in Semnan province to CHN.
According to Sharifi, what has made this cemetery distinguished is the unique architectural style which was implemented in it. In the graves of this Iron Age cemetery, rectangle clay layers were used in a cross model, a method which was seldom practiced in the architecture of Iron Age graves in which most often stones were used. Similar graves have already been discovered in other parts of Semnan province such as Kharand and Gandab historical cemeteries.
Six historical hills belonging to Iron Age and Islamic periods have been identified so far during archeological researches in the area of Semnan plain which archeologists have succeeded in delimiting all of them. Sounding works in one of these historical sites resulted in unearthing a skeleton belonging to the Iron Age, which brought into light the existence of an ancient cemetery in the area.
Prior to this, archeologists carried out some excavations in the Islamic district of Amir Shalough hill dating back to Ilkhanid era (1256-1336 AD) which led into discovery of a large number of metal historical relics including swords, engraved and colored clays and a jar in the area. A number of nails have been also traced in the area based on which archeologists have concluded that the region might have been used for temporary settlement of nomads during Ilkhanid dynastic era.
Located in Semnan plain, Amir Shalogh hill will be submerged by inundation of Kalpoush Dam, which is why archeologists have started their excavations in the area in an attempt to save the historical evidence which exists there.
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