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Iran: Chahar-Nimeh Dam Removed to Save Dahaneh Gholaman

By Soudabeh Sadigh

In an attempt to save the Achaemenid city of Dahaneh Gholaman, Chahar-Nimeh Dam (literally means four halves dam) has been removed 250 meters from its origin place.

Dahaneh Gholaman

Tehran, 3 June 2007 (CHN) - Observing the request of governor of Sistan va Baluchestan province, southeastern Iran, for saving the Achaemenid city of Dahaneh Gholaman, authorities of the dam have accepted to remove Chahar-Nimeh dam 250 meters from its origin place.

Announcing this news, Alireza Khosravi, head of Burnt City and Dahaneh Gholaman Research Center described this decision as a unique action in history of Iran's cultural heritage. "In a meeting which was held with presence of the Governor of Sistan va Balushistan province as well as authorities of Chahar-Nimeh Dam, emphasizing the importance of this dam for fulfilling the needs of Sistan va Balushistan's people, the governor asked for exploiting the dam without causing any harm to Dahaneh Gholaman Achaemenid city by removing the dam," explained Khosravi.

Located in Sistan va Baluchestan province on the border of Iran and Afghanistan, Dahaneh Gholaman was one of the prominent cities during Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BC) which ranked in importance after Persepolis, Susa, and Sard. Dahaneh Gholaman was discovered in 1960 by Italian archeologists and it is one of the very few known Achaemenid sites with a religious complex. It consists of buildings set up on high lands, above agricultural lands, so that the houses would be protected against the threatening seasonal floods of Hirmand River.

Conducting 5 seasons of archeological excavations in this historical site, archeologists have succeeded in identifying some prominent historical evidence including 8 residential areas consisting of rooms and tower-shaped cubbyholes and worship places.

Prior to this, some 30 years ago, construction of three halves of the four halves of Chahar-Nimeh Dam resulted in submerging some parts of Dahaneh Gholaman city.

"Just with seeing the dam, every visitor will notice the change which has been made in the dam which has caused the dam looks a bit bent. However, saving Dahaneh Gholaman worth this flawed," said Khosravi to CHN.

... Payvand News - 6/4/07 ... --

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