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Persian Gulf Organization Launched in Tehran

By Soudabeh Sadigh

Concurrent with Persian Gulf National Day, the nongovernmental organization of Persian Gulf has announced its establishment.

Tehran, 30 April 2007 (CHN) - 30th of April has been announced as Persian Gulf Day. This strategic body of water has experienced many challenges over time especially during the past few years for preserving its cultural and historical identity.

A few years ago, decision of National Geographic for using both the primary name of Persian Gulf and an alternative secondary name of Arabian Gulf for the body of water situated between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula in its eighth edition Atlas of the world released in 2004, evoked the emotions of million Iranians both inside and outside the country who largely expressed their objection to this decision and defended their cultural heritage through many efforts made by NGOs, cultural heritage experts, and Iranian government, who firmly asked National Geography to move the alternative name. Following that National Geographic announced: "National Geographic will insert additional clarifying language on the map plates relating to the Persian Gulf in subsequent printings of the Atlas, and will add such notations to its on-line maps".

Once again, omission of the world "Persian" in the Louvre's newly printed guide and substitute it with the false name of Arabian Gulf, which took place in December 2006 raised the anger of Iranians all over the world. What comes as a surprise here is that since its establishment in 1793, Louvre Museum's well renowned reputation has been built upon adhering to the basic principles of conserving and protecting all national and international treasures and disseminating accurate and unbiased historical facts to the public.

However, the issue was swiftly followed by Tehran's official objection including Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization which led into correcting the distorted name of the Persian Gulf on the maps and signs by the museum at its sections of Islamic art and Near Eastern antiquities last week. The issue is considered a prominent victory for reviving the historical glory of Persian Gulf which brought a great satisfaction for million Iranians just a few days before Persian Gulf National Day in Iran.

"The distortion of the Persian Gulf's name in the Louvre's catalogue is not something new. It has taken place due to Arab's economic influence over the museum during the 1990s," said Mohammad Reza Kargar, director of Iran's National Museum to CHN.

Situated in the Middle East, Persian Gulf is an extension of the Gulf of Oman located between Iran (former Persia) and the Arabian Peninsula. Iran, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar on a peninsula off the Saudi coast, Bahrain on an island, and Kuwait and Iraq in the northwest are the countries who share the coastline of the Persian Gulf.

Based on historical documents and maps Persian Gulf was always known by this name in the course of history. Historical name of Persian Gulf was first coined over two millennia ago by the ancient Greeks as Sinus Persicus as recorded by renowned Greek historians, geographers and then by the Romans as Mare Persicum. The Persian Gulf has been legally recognized as such in the international arena ever since.

On many occasions, the United Nations has announced that only "Persian Gulf" should be used as the official and standard geographical designation for the body of water. The United Nations Secretariat has issued two editorial directives in 1994 and 1999 in which the Organization has affirmed its position on the matter.

In an attempt to preserve the everlasting name of Persian Gulf against possible threats and promote coordination among Persian cultural heritage enthusiasts, the nongovernmental organization of Persian Gulf has been launched since 28th of April. The website address of the organization will be announced in a near future. Currently, for further information people can email: and

Bijan Asadi, Bahram Amir Ahmadian, Alireza Zargar, Mohammad Reza Sahab, Sadegh Samiei, Alibaba Asghari, Farhad Fakhari Tehrani, Mohammad Hassan Ganji, and Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh are the members of the founder board of Persian Gulf Organization.

On occasion of Persian Gulf National Day, a photo exhibition has been also held in Saba cultural-art gallery in Tehran with participation of 112 photographers. In this exhibition the marine pictures of 7 coastal Iranian provinces including Khuzestan, Sistan va Baluchistan, Boushehr, Golestan, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Hormozgan will be displayed for visitors.

... Payvand News - 5/1/07 ...

... Payvand News - 5/1/07 ... --

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