By Farangis Najibullah
Move modestly. No garish makeup. Don loose and
unrevealing clothing. Those are some of the new rules for Iranian models, who
have been told not to attract too much attention during fashion shows.
Makeup is a no-no under the new guidelines.
(photo: 12ins. fashion house)
The orders, handed down by the Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry and
published this month, are intended to promote Iranian and Islamic designs and
stave off the influence of Western culture.
Live models "should avoid any behavior that would distract visitors' attention
from the clothes put on display," according to the eight-part "Guideline For
Fashion And Dress Shows."
"Models are not allowed to show off the curves of their bodies, and their hair
should not be seen," the document reads. "The wearing of tight and body-hugging
clothes and types of makeup that are incompatible with Islamic and Iranian
culture are prohibited."
Musical accompaniment must be "well-matched to Islamic and Iranian culture," and
should not prompt models to move or walk in an inappropriate manner.
And the fashion-show runway, better known as the catwalk? That's been banned
altogether, since it's been deemed a slavish imitation of foreign culture.
Give And Take
It was only two years ago that Iranian fashion houses were first allowed by the
Islamic establishment to use live models to exhibit their collections. Prior to
that, new clothing designs were displayed on mannequins or hangers, with dark
colors long the preferred option.
Iran's strict dress code prohibits women from showing their ankles.
(photo: 12ins.ir fashion house)
Restrictions have been relaxed
enough to allow for brightly colored chadors, but women in Iran are still
required to cover their heads and wear long and loose-fitting clothing to
disguise their figures.
Exposing an elbow can lead to a jail term, and showing too much hair is a
punishable offense. Depending on the severity of the infraction, punishments can
include fines, lashings, and even several weeks of jail time.
Many women push the boundaries by wearing tight trousers and short overcoats,
but morality police stationed at busy Tehran streets and in shopping centers --
including female officers clad in all-enveloping chadors -- serve as a constant
reminder of the risks involved.
Women aren't the only ones targeted. Men, too, take their share of punishment
for wearing Western-style haircuts or other offenses.
One young man, a graphic designer from Tehran who has spent time in detention at
the order of the morality police, describes his own experiences as almost
laughable but for the severity of the consequences.
"Having to run from police because of the way you are dressed must look very
funny to others," he says. "We had to put up with a lot as young boys. We had to
run fast, fearing that police would detain us because of our clothes."
Noting that women and girls are under greater scrutiny, he acknowledges that
many accept the hijab as part of their culture. "But for many others, especially
in Tehran -- it was forced," he adds.
"In our country, people wear what they are told to wear -- women cover their
heads and bodies," he says. "Dictating to people what color to choose, punishing
them for the width of their clothes, or arresting men for shaping their eyebrows
is really too much to take."
Thanks, But No Thanks
That young Tehrani's argument is likely to fall on deaf ears among Iranian
officials -- many of whom consider Western culture as an attack that should be
resisted at any cost.
The new guidelines
stress that women's curves should not be accentuated.
(photo 12ins.ir fashion house)
For example, Culture and Islamic Guidance
Minister Hossein Saffar Harandi upon his appointment promised to crack down on
foreign music, such as rap and rock, which he said were against Iranian values.
As for fashion, high-ranking officials and conservative parliamentarians have
been quoted as saying they don't want Iranian youths' idea of fashion to be
tainted by Western magazines and satellite channels.
Such sentiments were largely the reason officials began encouraging homegrown
fashion houses to promote Iranian and Islamic styles in the first place.
Now, some Iranian designers are saying that the entrance of the latest
restrictions are complicating and confusing their work.
Tehran-based designer Shahkoopa Furuzon tells RFE/RL's Radio Farda that the
Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry's new fashion-show guidelines are "all
about security, rather than culture."
She singles out one requirement in particular, saying that requiring official
approval for all projects six months before fashion shows represents an
"As a designer, I can't wait six months to get approval," she says. "I prepare
my new designs and, as soon as the season comes, I have to put them on display."
Many Iranian designers and their customers appear reluctant to follow the
fashion dictated by what they call "security services" -- leading them to eye
locales abroad that offer freedoms not allowed under the new Iranian guidelines.
"With all of these rules here, I prefer to organize my fashion shows in Dubai,"
Furuzon says, "because I don't need all these headaches."
Copyright (c) 2008 RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036. www.rferl.org
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