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Saadi Day Commemorated in Shiraz

Report by Islamic Republic News Agency; Photos by Sajad Avarand, ISNA


The Saadi Day is being commemorated in Shiraz province on Tuesday. Several poets, writers, Shiraz official authorities and Saadi admirers will attend the ceremony. On this day visiting Saadi's mausoleum is free of charge for all visitors.


Meanwhile, some two new books titled "The Study of Saadi" and "The bibliography of Saadi's Gulistan" will be unveiled today.

Sheikh Muslihu'd-Din, known as Saadi, was descended from Imam Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed.  Saadi's father apparently died when he was a boy.


Although Saadi was born and died in Shiraz province. During his life, he traveled extensively.

He is said to have traveled for thirty years throughout the Islamic world.

Historians often divide his life into three parts.

His first twenty-five years were spent studying in various countries, going to university at Baghdad.

During the next thirty years he traveled widely, east to India and as far west as Syria.

He made his pilgrimage to Mecca fourteen times. Finally, Saadi returned to Shiraz where he devoted himself to writing and to teaching.


Saadi was a disciple of the Sufi master Sheikh Shahabud-Din Sahrawardi.

His best known works are Bustan "The Orchard" completed in 1257 and Gulistan "The Rose Garden" in 1258.

Bustan is entirely in verse (epic meter) and consists of stories aptly illustrating the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment) as well as of reflections on the behavior of dervishes and their ecstatic practices.

Gulistan is mainly in prose and contains stories and personal anecdotes.

The text is interspersed with a variety of short poems, containing aphorisms, advice, and humorous reflections.


Saadi demonstrates a profound awareness of the absurdity of human existence. The fate of those who depend on the changeable moods of kings is contrasted with the freedom of the dervishes.

Saadi is also remembered as a great panegyrist and lyricist, the author of a number of masterly general odes portraying human experience and also of particular odes such as the lament on the fall of Baghdad after the Mongol invasion in 1258.

His lyrics are to be found in Ghazaliyat "Lyrics" and his odes in Qasa'id "Odes".

He is also known for a number of works in Arabic. The peculiar blend of human kindness and cynicism, humor, and resignation displayed in Saadi's works, together with a tendency to avoid the hard dilemma, make him, to many, the most typical and loveable writer in the world of Iranian culture.

Saadi is probably the first Persian poet to have been translated into European languages.


The Center for the Study of Saadi has given a special name to each Saadi Day for the years 2006 to 2016.

Saadi Day 2006 was named the day of "Study of the Saadi Era" and was followed by the days of "Saadi Era" (2007), "Gulistan" (The Rose Garden) (2008), "Bustan" (The Orchard) (2009), "Ghazaliyat" (Lyrics) (2010), "Qassayed (Odes) and Assemblies" (2011), "Study of Transcripts and Publication of Complete Works" (2012), "Saadi, Iranian Culture, and Islamic Culture" (2013), "Saadi, Social Issues and Contemporary Literature" (2014), "Saadi's Art, Aesthetics, and Popular Culture" (2015), "Saadi in Others' Works and Others in Saadi's Works" (2016).

Read more about Saadi, and download PDF files of Bostan and Golestan
at Iran Chamber Society




Oneness of mankind


All Adam's race are members of one frame;

Since all, at first, from the same essence came.


When by hard fortune one limb is oppressed,

The other members lose their wonted rest:


If thou feel'st not for others' misery,

A son of Adam is no name for thee.


From Saadi's The Gulistan (The Rose Garden) translated by Edward B. Eastwick

... Payvand News - 04/21/09 ... --

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