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IAEA releases new Iran report

Report by Press TV


In its latest report on Iran's nuclear program, the UN nuclear watchdog says it has been unable to make any "substantive progress" on Iran.

The Thursday report by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) head Mohamed ElBaradei said there remained "outstanding issues" which give rise to concerns about "possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program."

"Iran needs to provide substantive information, and access to relevant documentation, locations and individuals, in connection with all of the outstanding issues," reads the report, a copy of which was obtained by Press TV.

Tehran says the only aim of its nuclear program is the civilian applications of the technology. The US, Israel and their European allies -- Britain, France and Germany -- accuse the country of pursuing military purposes.

Alleged Studies

With the help of an anti-Iran terrorist group, the US and certain UN member states have provided the IAEA with digital files that accuse Tehran of pursuing a "green salt project, high explosives testing, and the missile re-entry vehicle project".

In regards to the so-called "alleged studies", the IAEA said in its report that Iran should "clarify the extent" to which information provided by the Mujahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) "is factually correct".

Tehran, however, says the files have been "fabricated" and produced based on "forged" data.

In the report, the IAEA director-general urged the member states that provided the agency with the documentation to provide Iran with the original files.

Additional Protocol

ElBaradei also called on Iran to implement the Additional Protocol to allow the nuclear watchdog to "provide credible assurance about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities."

The IAEA said unless Iran implements the above "transparency measures" and the Additional Protocol, it will not be in a position to clear the country of nuclear military charges.

The Additional Protocol requires member states to provide an expanded declaration of their nuclear activities and grants the agency broader rights of access to sites in the country.

Iran, a signatory to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), says a broader access would expose sensitive information related to its conventional military and missile related activities, insisting that any government would be reluctant to accept such a protocol because of national security concerns.

Level of Enrichment

The report also highlighted that "21 unannounced inspections" at Iranian nuclear sites have confirmed that Iran has only managed to enrich uranium-235 to a level "less than 5 percent."

Uranium, the fuel for a nuclear power plant, can serve in military purposes if enriched to high levels. Nuclear arms production requires an enrichment level of above 90 percent.

The report also added that all installed nuclear equipment "remain under agency containment and surveillance."

According to IAEA figures, Iran has produced nearly 1,010 kilograms of low enriched uranium (LEU).

Nuclear Capability

The IAEA report revealed that the country has markedly paced the expansion of its nuclear capabilities.

According to report figures, since last November Iran has installed only 164 additional centrifuges, while 3936 such machines were operating and "being fed with UF6."

UF6 is used in the uranium enrichment process that produces fuel for nuclear reactors as well as for weapons programs.

Enrichment Activities

The agency confirmed that Iran "has not suspended its enrichment related activities or its work on heavy water-related projects."

The country is under three rounds of UN sanctions resolutions which demand Iran to halt its uranium enrichment program.

The Tehran government, however, maintains that under the NPT, it is entitled to enrich uranium for civilian purposes.

The report comes at a time when Tehran and Washington, spearheaded by the newly-installed administration of President Barack Obama, are inching toward opening direct negotiations over the disputed program.

President Obama is expected to offer Iran with a new set of incentives while threatening further sanctions to pressure the country into halting its program.

President Ahmadinejad, meanwhile, expects to hold "talks based on mutual respect and in a fair atmosphere".

The highly-anticipated talks are seen as a doorway for the rapprochement of relations between the US and Iran which have had no diplomatic ties for nearly three decades.

US demands halt in Iran N program

Washington has repeated its calls on Tehran to halt its nuclear program, after the release of the UN nuclear watchdog's latest report on Iran.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said in its Thursday report that it has been unable to make any "substantive progress" regarding Iran's nuclear program.

"We once again urge Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment-related reprocessing, and heavy water-related activities, to make a full disclosure to the IAEA of all nuclear weapons activities, and to facilitate full IAEA verification of its nuclear program, including through the application of Additional Protocol measures, without delay," said US State Department spokesman Gordon Duguid.

The US, Israel and their European allies -- Britain, France and Germany -- accuse Iran of pursuing military purposes. Tehran says, however, the only aim of its nuclear program is the civilian applications of the technology.

"Absent Iranian compliance with its international nuclear obligations and transparency with the IAEA, the international community cannot have confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's program," Duguid added.

'Iran will go on with nuclear work'

Iran's IAEA envoy, Ali-Asghar Soltaniyeh
Iran will continue to cooperate with the UN nuclear watchdog but will not suspend its nuclear work, Tehran's ambassador to the IAEA says.

"We fully cooperate with the (International Atomic Energy) Agency in accordance with comprehensive safeguard, which is the NPT safeguard. But we will not go beyond our legal obligations," Ali-Asghar Soltaniyeh told Press TV, after the IAEA released its latest report on Iran's nuclear work on Thursday.

Soltaniyeh promised Iran's cooperation with the IAEA but added that his country will not suspend its uranium activities.

He said the US and its Western allies should change their 'boring and frustrating trend' on Tehran's nuclear work, saying they have found 'no evidence' of Iran's pursuit of forbidden weapons.

He also urged the IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei to use his 'maximum authority and his prerogative' to prevent certain countries from imposing obligations beyond legal ones on Iran.

... Payvand News - 02/20/09 ... --

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