By Nikola Krastev, RFE/RL
The human rights groups urged governments and international organizations to put pressure on Iran to respect its legal obligations.
NEW YORK -- Hundreds of human rights activists,
intellectuals, civil society leaders, opposition political activists, students,
and journalists have been arbitrarily detained in Iran since the disputed June
12 presidential election. An unknown but substantial number have also been
killed and injured.
Many fear that more violent confrontations, and more human rights violations, may lie ahead. A group of prominent human rights activists in New York has urged the international community, and specifically the United Nations, to try and persuade Tehran to stop the crackdown.
At a press conference on June 30, Elise Auerbach of Amnesty International-USA expressed deep concern over the calls from some senior clerics in Iran to charge some protesters with offenses that could lead to death penalty under the Islamic legal code.
"Amnesty International is very concerned about the possibility that many of these detainees could be severely tortured, and especially tortured to compel them to make confessions, confessions that will be televised on national Iranian TV," Auerbach said.
According to the New York-based International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, hundreds of students, professors, journalists, and reformists have been arrested. Only 29 are known to have been released.
State television has broadcast what it says are confessions by some of the detained protesters, who said they acted on behalf of Britain and other Western states in a bid to destabilize the government.
Sarah Whitson, of Human Rights Watch, said governments and institutions who are concerned about the gross human rights violations taking place in Iran have several avenues through which to express their concerns and use their influence to get Tehran to cease its campaign of intimidation and violence.
"There should continue to be a review of Iran's record at the United Nations. Diplomats from capitals east and west who still have relations -- and should have relations with Iran -- should raise protests both privately and publicly about the conduct of Iran's government," Whitson said.
"They should also, I think, very clearly refuse to accept that raising these points of international law -- raising the points of Iran's failure to respect its legal obligations -- are not internal matters that are nobody else's business," she added. "They are everyone's business and they are this responsibility of the foreign governments to raise points about."
'Securitization' Of Iran
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