After joint appeal with Amnesty International for an end to online censorship, Reporters Without Borders issues report on "Enemies of the Internet"
Reporters Without Borders today issued a report entitled "Enemies of the Internet" in which it examines Internet censorship and other threats to online free expression in 22 countries.
"The 12 'Enemies of the Internet' - Burma, China, Cuba, Egypt, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam - have all transformed their Internet into an Intranet in order to prevent their population from accessing 'undesirable' online information," Reporters Without Borders said.
"All these countries distinguish themselves not only by their ability to censor online news and information but also by their virtually systematic persecution of troublesome Internet users," the press freedom organisation said. Reporters Without Borders has placed 10 other governments "under surveillance" for adopting worrying measures that could open the way to abuses. The organisation draws particular attention to Australia and South Korea, where recent measures may endanger online free expression.
"Not only is the Internet more and more controlled, but new forms of censorship are emerging based on the manipulation of information," Reporters Without Borders said. "Orchestrating the posting of comments on popular websites or organising hacker attacks is also used by repressive regimes to scramble or jam online content."
A total of 70 cyber-dissidents are currently detained because of what they posted online. China is the world's biggest prison for cyber-dissidents, followed by Vietnam and Iran.
Domain name: .ir
Internet users: 23,000,000
Average cost of an hour's connection in a cybercafé: 70 centimes (euro)
Average monthly salary: 200 to 300 euros
Number of private service providers: more than 50
Number of public service providers: 1
Number of imprisoned cyber-dissidents: 4
Iran leads the way in the Middle East in repression of the Internet. According to the Tehran prosecutor general's adviser, the authorities blocked five million websites in 2008. However the country has the region's most militant bloggers, four of whom are currently in prison.
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