Islamic Regime Cracking down on Student Activists
December 7th, known as Student Day (16 Azar / Rouz-e Daneshjoo), commemorates the day three Tehran University students were murdered on campus by the Shah's police. Students were protesting a visit by Vice President Richard Nixon to Iran during a period of martial law, just three months after the 1953 coup that brought down Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh's government.
Protests at Azad University in Qazvin in December 2009. Banner says: "University Is Alive"
In the subsequent years, student rallies held on the anniversary of the deaths of Ahmad Ghandchi, Mehdi Shariatrazavi and Mostafa Bozorgnia generally received harsh reaction by the Shah's security forces.
In 1962, I was a third year medical student in Tehran University, and participated in one of the most massive demonstrations to date. This was during a period of renewed unrest with the Shah's regime in the country, and the crowd was several thousand strong, with a succession of impassioned speakers taking the podium. Though the demonstration was peaceful, there was tension in the air, as the entire campus was surrounded by many hundreds of troops and truck loads of armed soldiers. Yet in the face of this, we felt relatively safe, believing the troops would never enter university property. This was true...on that day.
About six weeks later, another demonstration took place by Tehran University students protesting the recent arrest and imprisonment of many politically active high school students. On this day, January 21, 1962, I was off campus and not a participant, but soon heard the news of the violence that ensued. Army commandos had entered the grounds of the university, indiscriminately attacking the students. Many students were chased inside the buildings and further beaten or injured. The commandos rampaged inside school labs, destroying equipment, and severely attacked students in the libraries, many of whom were there only to study. I later learned that the Shah himself had personally approved the attack. The University chancellor, Dr. Ahmad Farhad, shocked by the brutality against the students, promptly submitted his letter of resignation:
"I have never seen or heard so much cruelty, sadism, atrocity and vandalism on
the part of government forces.", he wrote. "Some of the girls were criminally
attacked by the soldiers. When we inspected the university buildings we were
faced with the same situation as an army of barbarians had invaded an enemy
[source: The Political Economy of Modern Iran, Homa Katouzian (1981)]
Fast forward to current day Iran. The universities are again under attack, this time by the Islamic government. As punishment for their political activism, scores of students have faced expulsion or been arrested and sentenced to lashes, large fines, and long imprisonments. A number of students have also been killed in recent years.
levied by the Islamic regime against them have included:
1) Acting against national security
2) Disorderly conduct
3) Insulting the President
4) Propagandizing against the state
Faculties of many universities have also been purged on political and religious grounds, particularly since Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became Iran's president.
... Payvand News - 12/07/10 ... --