By Golnaz Esfandiari, RFE/RLIran's Intelligence Ministry has issued a list of 60 U.S. and international organizations that it accuses of inciting this summer's postelection unrest and being involved in a "soft war" against the Islamic Republic.
The Intelligence Ministry named some 60 U.S. and international organizations,
including the Open Society Institute
of U.S. philanthropist George Soros, Human
and Yale University.
A number of Farsi-language media, including RFE/RL's Radio Farda, the BBC, VOA, and Radio Zamaneh, which is based in the Netherlands, were also singled out by the Intelligence Ministry.
A deputy intelligence minister for international affairs, whose name was not
given, accused the groups of working against the Iranian regime and said that
contacts and cooperation with them were banned.
The unprecedented move appears to be part of the Iranian authorities' efforts to isolate critics and activists inside Iran and prevent them from having any contact with the outside world.
Activists and opposition supporters say Iranian authorities have been intensifying efforts to limit the free flow of information in and out of Iran in the wake of mass protests against June's disputed presidential election.
"Iran's Intelligence Ministry has always been trying to prevent contacts between Iranians inside the country and international organizations," says Faraj Sarkuhi, a prominent Iranian exiled writer and journalist. "In the past they accused the publication 'Adineh,' of which I was the chief editor, of espionage over contacts with International PEN [writers' organization] and said it is illegal."
An extended list of the banned groups on the "gooya" news site includes: National Endowment for Democracy, National Republican Institute, Stanford University's Hoover Institution, Search For Common Ground Organization, New American Foundation, British Center for Democratic Studies, East European Democratic Center, MEMRI, U.S. National Defense University, The Smith Richardson Foundation, and Brookings Institute.
The intelligence official said that contacts and cooperation with these organizations are banned.
Tini van Goor, director of the human rights department at Hivos, a Dutch NGO among those named, rejected the Iranian authorities' charges.
But he also said the move came as no surprise, since Hivos -- which has worked on women's rights and HIV/AIDS issues with local civil society groups in Iran -- had faced similar accusations in state media in recent years.
"It is simply nonsense what they say that we have an agenda of regime change or whatever," he told RFE/RL. "No - what we did was being in contact with civil society activists. And those activists, some of them are also activists in the time of the post-election discussions in Tehran. But it is their choice."
A prominent Tehran-based professor of law, Mahmud Akhundi, told Radio Farda that the Intelligence Ministry's list and warning have no legal basis.
"It is in clear contradiction with human rights principles and with international principles of law. It doesn't even have any Sharia-based justification," Akhundi said. Nobody has the right "to define an action that has not been defined previously as a crime, as being criminal," he added.
Writer Sarkuhi said he thinks the list could be used against those arrested in the postelection crackdown, which intensified after violence broke out during the Shi'ite commemoration of Ashura on December 27, leaving at least eight people dead.
The Intelligence Ministry "is making such a big claim at a time when Iranian authorities are getting ready to issue heavy sentences against arrested protesters; they want to use it to justify the heavy sentences that are likely to be issued," Sarkuhi said.
In late November, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Iran was facing a "soft war" with its enemies abroad, who were fomenting the street protests that hit the country following the disputed June 12 vote.
Many of those arrested in the postelection crackdown have been accused of being involved in a "soft coup" against the Iranian clerical establishment.
Among those arrested and sentenced to jail is a well-known Iranian-American scholar, Kian Tajbakhsh, who used to work as a consultant with Soros' Open Society Institute. His family and colleagues have rejected all the charges against him as baseless.
Tajbakhsh also spent several months in jail in Iran in 2007.
VOA: Iran Trying to Intimidate With Ban on Media Contact
Voice of America says Iran's government is hoping
to intimidate its citizens by banning contact with organizations such as VOA and
VOA Director Danforth Austin says he hopes Iranians who believe in the right to free speech will continue to communicate with VOA, so other Iranians and people around the world will see what he calls the "repressive turn of events" in Iran.
He says it is a shame that Iranian officials fear the thoughts and words of their own people.
Iranian media have quoted the country's deputy
intelligence minister for foreign affairs as saying the banned groups played a
role in inciting post-election violence.
An Iranian legal expert, Mohammad Seyfzadeh, says banning people from talking with foreign broadcasters has no legal basis in Iran's constitution.
Other banned groups include the U.S.-based National Endowment for Democracy and a foundation run by American billionaire and philanthropist George Soros, the Open Society Institute.
On Monday, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Iran is showing "mounting signs of ruthless repression" in its treatment of opposition activists.
An Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman, Ramin Mehmanparast, rejected the remarks Tuesday, saying some Western countries are following those who are "not representative of the Iranian people."
Iranian security forces cracked down on major anti-government protests late last month and arrested more than 500 demonstrators. Eight people were killed in the unrest. Authorities have since detained at least 20 high-profile opposition figures.
A U.S. Department of Defense-sponsored study released Tuesday says Iran's disputed presidential election in June has further empowered the country's Revolutionary Guards and refueled fears of a "creeping militarization" of Iranian politics and society.
The study by RAND Corporation also recommended that U.S. policy makers "take great care" in their statements regarding Iran, as not to give Iran's leadership a pretext to divert attention from domestic issues, such as the economy.
Some information for this report was provided by AP and Reuters.
OSI Statement on Iran's Blacklisting of International Organizations
Source: Open Society Institute
The Open Society Institute is deeply troubled by the Iranian government's recent decision prohibiting co-operation with international organizations. Although the Open Society Institute does not have any activities whatsoever in Iran we remain extremely concerned about the fate of Dr. Kian Tajbakhsh.
Dr. Tajbakhsh is an internationally-respected scholar who as a consultant for OSI from 2004-2007 worked on humanitarian and public health projects in Iran.
We note that at the time when OSI did work in Iran, the Iranian government sought the expertise of the Open Society Institute for help in these and other projects, such as humanitarian relief for the 2003 earthquake in Bam.
The Open Society Institute supports justice and human rights, freedom of expression and access to public health and education in more than 70 countries.
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