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Heavy Bails: Releasing Prisoners or New Hostage Taking by Iran's Judiciary?

Source: International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

(Analysis) - News of Abdollah Momeni's release on the heavy bail of approximately $800,000 makes it appear that the Judiciary is setting ransoms and not bails. In fact most of the political prisoners released on bail over the past few months appear to be hostages of the judicial system due to the unreasonably high bail amounts they have had to post. Some of the bail amounts set are higher than the prisoner's estimated earnings in 100 years. Presently hundreds of political, student, and civil society activists and journalists who have been released on heavy bails are either waiting for their sentences to be carried out or are facing new problems caused by their bail amount. 




Abdollah Momeni


Temporarily released on March 6, 2010

Mohammad Ali Abtahi


Released on November 22, 2009

Ahmad Zeid Abadi


Remains in prison

Seyed Ahmad Ahmadian


Released on December 25, 2009

Zia Nabavi


Remains in prison

Mohammad Ali Dadkhah


Released on September 11, 2009

Maziar Bahari


Released on October 17, 2009

Clotilde Rice


Released on August 17, 2009

Mansoureh Shojaee


Released on January 26, 2010

Mohammad Davari


Remains in prison; unable to post bail

Shiva Nazar Ahari


Released on September 23, 2009; re-arrested December 20, 2009, remains in prison

Hesam Salamat


Released on August 19, 2009 3 years confirmed sentence

Mahsa Amrabadi


Released on August 24, 2009

Mohammad Ghoochani


Released on October 30, 2009

M. Reza Jalaeepour


Released on September 14, 2009

Fazlollah Arab Sorkhi, a member of the Islamic Mujahedin Organization, received a bail order set of approximately $1 million. Behzad Nabavi, also a member of the Islamic Mujahedin Organization and former Deputy Speaker of the Iranian Parliament, was released on an $800,000 bail last November. Even student activist Peyman Aref faced a $100,000 bail. The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran requests the Iranian Judiciary to end the trend of heavy and unreasonable bails, which is against Iranian law, and end the abuse and harassment of families of political prisoners.

Iranian Judiciary authorities, who under pressure from public opinion have no other choice but to release hundreds of individuals baselessly arrested after the elections, have either been issuing heavy sentences for political prisoners in trials which lack even the most basic elements of international standards for fair and objective courts, or they have been issuing disproportionately heavy bail amounts.

Many political prisoners whose bail has been set at amounts ten times larger than their financial capability, use help from their friends, family, and relatives to raise bail. But because bail amounts sometimes remain at the Judiciary for years without a final court ever convening, families face serious problems in this area.


Article 132 of Iranian Penal Code approved in 1999, stipulates that setting bail is a way of having access to the suspect and his timely attendance in courts when necessary and for preventing flight or hiding or mutiny, emphasizing that: "The judge is responsible for defining a security measure after the suspect has been informed of his charges." Item 4 of this Article lists "receiving bail whether in cash or through bank guarantee notes or real or other property," as a way for the courts to have access to the suspect after release and in a note explains: "Note: The judge is responsible for issuing an acceptance of custodianship or bail to the custodian or bail poster (if the bail poster is other than the suspect), explaining to him that should the suspect be subpoenaed and he fails to appear without acceptable excuse, or should the custodian or bail poster fail to introduce the suspect to the courts, the posted bail will be confiscated according to law."

Therefore, the judges have been issuing multi-million Toman (hundreds of thousands of dollars) bails for intellectuals and political activists while the legislator has limited the judge for determining the bail amount. In Article 134 of the said Code it is emphasized: "Posting bail must be proportionate to the importance of the crime, severity of the punishment, reasons and instruments of charges, and the probability of the suspect's flight or disappearance of the crime evidence, suspect's health conditions, age, and his reputation."

The bail amount will remain in the Iranian Judiciary's custody until, as Article 139 of the Code states: "when the suspect appears at set times or after them with the ability to prove his acceptable excuse, or when the case file ends, the bail will be refunded or the custodian will be relieved from his responsibility."

... Payvand News - 03/10/10 ... --

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