Source: Mehr News Agency, Tehran
Iran, Turkey, and Brazil issued a 10-point declaration according to which Iran would ship 1200 kilograms of its low enriched uranium to Turkey to be exchanged with 120 kilograms of higher enriched nuclear fuel to power Tehran's medical reactor.
from left: Brazil's FM & President, Iranian FM & President, Turkish PM & FM
Following is the text of the deal signed in
Tehran between Iran, Turkey and Brazil:
1. We reaffirm our commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and in accordance with the related articles of the NPT, recall the right of all State Parties, including the Islamic Republic of Iran, to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy (as well as nuclear fuel cycle including enrichment activities) for peaceful purposes without discrimination.
2. We express our strong conviction that we have the opportunity now to begin a forward looking process that will create a positive, constructive, non-confrontational atmosphere leading to an era of interaction and cooperation.
3. We believe that the nuclear fuel exchange is instrumental in initiating cooperation in different areas, especially with regard to peaceful nuclear cooperation including nuclear power plant and research reactors construction.
4. Based on this point the nuclear fuel exchange is starting point to begin cooperation and a positive constructive move forward among nations. Such a move should lead to positive interaction and cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear activities replacing and avoiding all kinds of confrontation through refraining from measures, actions and rhetorical statements that would jeopardize Iran's rights and obligations under the NPT.
5. Based on the above, in order to facilitate the nuclear cooperation mentioned above, the Islamic Republic of Iran agrees to deposit 1200 kg LEU in Turkey. While in Turkey this LEU will continue to be the property of Iran. Iran and the IAEA may station observers to monitor the safekeeping of the LEU in Turkey.
6. Iran will notify the IAEA in writing through the official channels of its agreement with the above within seven days following the date of this declaration. Upon the positive response of the Vienna Group (US, Russia, France and the IAEA) further details of the exchange will be elaborated through a written agreement and proper arrangement between Iran and the Vienna Group that specifically committed themselves to deliver 120 kg of fuel needed for the Tehran Research Reactor (TRR).
7. When the Vienna Group declares its commitment to this provision, then both parties would commit themselves to the implementation of the agreement mentioned in item 6. The Islamic Republic of Iran expressed its readiness --in accordance with the agreement-- to deposit its LEU (120kg) within one month.
8. In case the provisions of this Declaration are not respected Turkey, upon the request of Iran, will return swiftly and unconditionally Iran's LEU to Iran.
9. Turkey and Brazil welcomed the continuous readiness of the Islamic Republic of Iran to pursue its talks with the 5+1 countries in any place including Turkey and Brazil, on the common concerns based on collective commitments according to the common points of their proposals.
10. Turkey and Brazil appreciated Iran's commitment to the NPT and its constructive role in pursuing the realization of nuclear rights of its member states. The Islamic Republic likewise appreciated the constructive efforts of friendly countries Turkey and Brazil in creating the conducive environment for realization of Iran's nuclear rights.
Iran's nuclear chief, Ali-Akbar Salehi, said on Monday the agreement reached between Iran, Turkey, and Brazil on nuclear fuel exchange ended the "only pretext" by Western powers.
According to the nuclear deal signed on Monday,
Iran has agreed to send some 1,200 kilograms of its lightly enriched uranium to
Turkey in exchange for 120 kilograms of 20 percent enriched nuclear fuel to
power Tehran's research reactor.
"The point that they have been insisting on, was that the nuclear fuel swap should be carried out outside the Iranian territory, and we accepted this ... and in this way their only pretext was removed," Salehi, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran director, told reporters.
Salehi also said the agreement shows Iran's "goodwill" to resolve the nuclear issue.
"We showed our goodwill, understanding, and the spirit of cooperation once again and accepted that the nuclear fuel swap take place," he said.
However, Salehi predicted that the Western powers will certainly try to find other pretexts; He added the world and the Iranian nation understood that Iran has cooperated with IAEA and the international community, and has tried to make its nuclear activities transparent.
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