By Golnaz Esfandiari,
Iranian state-controlled television has
accused Facebook and
Twitter of being Iran's "hidden enemies" and tools used by
Western intelligence agencies in order to recruit new members and gather data on
The website Mardomak has posted a video
of the report.
The segment starts with a short biography of Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg,
but then goes on to say that the website is social only in appearance. According
to the report: "The aim of Facebook is to identify people for special operations
for Western spying agencies."
It includes a short interview with an unidentified individual whose face is
darkened and who claims he works for Facebook and cooperates with Western
"I've been working for Facebook for a year and a half. I provide spy
organizations with information and sell them information they need. I'm not
unhappy with this work because I get a lot of money for doing it," the unnamed
Twitter is also accused in the report of providing information about individuals
to Western intelligence agencies.
"Twitter gives people the habit of informing others about their activities every
second, therefore information that is not accessible on other sites is being
extracted from people in order to be given to Western intelligence
organizations," according to the program's narrator. (Iran's Supreme Leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is also on Twitter and he tweets often about his views
The report features an interview with another unidentified individual who claims
he was told by Twitter officials to provide them with tapes of his conversations
with friends and colleagues in case "one day it would be used by spy agencies."
The report adds that Facebook and Twitter were involved in "a psychological and
propaganda war," which according to the report was launched against Iran
following last year's disputed presidential vote.
The report is a sign of Iran's growing
concern over the popularity of social-networking websites among young
Iranians, many of whom have used Facebook to share news, images, and videos of
protests and information about the plight of political prisoners.
The opposition movement, however, is increasingly trying to reach out to the
less affluent segments of Iranian society, many of whom are not online.
Members of the Green movement based outside Iran announced in early September
that they have
a new satellite TV channel, RASA TV, to break the state-controlled
broadcasters' monopoly on the flow of information.
Meanwhile, the Kalame website, which is close to opposition leader Mir Hossein
Musavi, announced recently that it is launching
published on the internet
Three pre-launch issues are available on the websites as PDF. The site has
called on readers to print them out and share them with "their neighbors,
classmates, and colleagues."
Copyright (c) 2010 RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036. www.rferl.org
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