Photos by Aboutaleb Nadri, Mehr News Agency
group of foreign travelers and researchers from Canada, England, Scotland and
Australia are visiting the Golestan National Park in northern Iran to study rare
tulips and other flowers that grow in the park during the spring season.
World Heritage Centre)
A mountainous area with temperate rain forest ecosystems, lush
steppes, scrub woodlands, high rocky cliffs, hills, undulating terrain and lotic
and lentic ecosystems (rivers, springs and marshes). The variety of habitats in
the area has led to considerable flora and fauna richness in the park. This
beautiful area and its various sceneries is the oldest national park in the
country which has been protected since 1956. Today this park faces serious
problems and urgent measures to solve them are not adopted, and other similar
representative examples are not protected as sort of protective support, it will
not keep its values even the mid-term ones.
This park, based on the articles 77-79 of the World Heritage
Conventions, is a certainly Threatened area.
The reasons are as follows:
- The park's surrounding lands have been totally deforested
and allocated to other land uses. Today the park is an island confined by
the farming lands.
- The illegal hunting in the recent years has severely
increased and one can hardly see the big herd of the wild life.
- The over use of recreation zones by the people has
severely destroyed all the zones of the recreation; so did the floods in the
- The Asian highway has divided the park through. In the
recent years, the ministry of roads taken action to change the roads and
build high flood-breaking concrete walls to control the last years'
interminable floods. These walls has divided and fragmented the park and
completely destroyed its integrity, organic and unique links.
Related Site: Belarusian translation by Natalie Harmann
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