Photos by Mohsen Norouzifard, Mehr News Agency
Kharg Island is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. The island is located 25 km off the coast of Iran and 483 km northwest of the Strait of Hormuz. Administered by the adjacent coastal Bushehr Province, Kharg Island provides a sea port for the export of oil and extends Iranian territorial sea claims into the Persian Gulf oil fields.
Kharg was once the world's largest offshore crude oil terminal and the principal sea terminal for Iranian oil. But the island's facilities were put out of commission in the fall of 1986 after suffering heavy bombings during Iran-Iraq war. After the war ended in 1988, the facilities were repaired and the island is now a major part of Iran's oil industry. In 2009, Iran exported and swapped 950 million barrels of crude oil via southern Kharg oil terminal.
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