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01/25/12

Iran to provide ethanol fuel soon

Source: ISNA

Iran plans to supply ethanol fuel by the end of Iranian calendar year, March 20, after providing the Euro 4 fuel.

Iranian officials noted the use of ethanol fuel would be tested by the end of calendar year in the Iranian southwestern city of Khuzestan.

Appropriate reservoirs are being created in the city to supply the country with ethanol fuel.

Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a bio fuel additive for gasoline. World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion liters. From 2007 to 2008, the share of ethanol in global gasoline type fuel use increased from 3.7% to 5.4%.In 2010 worldwide ethanol fuel production reached 22.95 billion U.S. liquid gallons (bg) (86.9 billion liter. Ethanol fuel has a "gasoline gallon equivalency" (GGE) value of 1.5 US gallons (5.7 L).

Ethanol fuel is widely used in Brazil and in the United States, and together both countries were responsible for 88 percent of the world's ethanol fuel production in 2010. Since 1976 the Brazilian government has made it mandatory to blend ethanol with gasoline, and since 2007 the legal blend is around 25% ethanol and 75% gasoline (E25). By December 2010 Brazil had a fleet of 12 million flex-fuel automobiles and light trucks and over 500 thousand flex-fuel motorcycles regularly using neat ethanol fuel (known as E100).

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