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Shahzadeh Garden in Mahan, Kerman: A Corner In Heaven


Photos by Abouzar Ahmadizadeh, Islamic Republic News Agency

The magnificent Shahzadeh garden, located in Kerman desert, and known as "a corner in heaven" has been registered on UNESCO's World Heritage List as one of the masterpieces of traditional gardens.

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The Persian Garden on UNESCO's World Heritage List:
The property includes nine gardens in as many provinces. They exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC. Always divided into four sectors, with water playing an important role for both irrigation and ornamentation, the Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. These gardens, dating back to different periods since the 6th century BC, also feature buildings, pavilions and walls, as well as sophisticated irrigation systems. They have influenced the art of garden design as far as India and Spain.

Introducing Shahzadeh garden, Mahan-Kerman

Shahzadeh Garden is located at a point 35 km from south-eastern Kerman, and at a point 6 km from Mahan, on the Kerman-Bam Road near the altitudes of Joupar. It is an Iranian garden benefiting from the best natural situation. Shahzadeh garden, Mahan has been constructed in Ghajar Era, at 11-year old sovereignty of Abdolhamic Mirza Naseroldoleh. This garden is located near the tomb of Shah Nematollah Vali on the hillsides of Joupar altitudes. Fertile soil, sufficient sunshine, mild wind, and access to Tigaran water had made it possible to construct a garden on that scale on an arid and barren land. Shahzadeh Garden is located on Joupar altitudes in an area of 5.5 hectares, in a rectangular form and slope of about 6.4%. A long fence separates it from the undesirable atmosphere of its peripherals.

Garden's feeling

When you enter the garden, in the whole space along the main axis landscapes of Joupar altitudes are seen. This long landscape is hidden by the huge size of the main structure and is reinforced by the trees at both sides having different colors at different seasons. The water's overall stream along the garden's main axis and the waterfalls and their sounds, have contributed to a high quality for this axis. Tree reflections, the facade structure and the gazebo have contributed to a relaxing feel about the garden, one of peace and solitude. Light and shade play a significant role in this landscaping.

Source: Investigating the characteristics of Persian gardens: taking a close look at Mahan Shah Zadeh garden - by L. Tajaddini, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University-Bardsir branch, Bardsir, Iran


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