Eco and adventure tourism are concepts that are on the rise in the international tourism industry. Iran is a country with very diverse nature: mountains, lakes, caves, forests, springs, tropical islands and endemic plant and animal species. All these make Iran a favorite country for those interested in experiencing unforgettable.
The extensive land of Iran which includes the vast part of the Iranian plateau has provided various climatic conditions as well as different ecosystems and beautiful scenery which offer a unique opportunity for Eco tourists.
Considering the rich natural properties of the country, here are some wonderful contrasts existing in Iran:
The range of temperature in different parts of Iran differs a great deal. While it is freezing in mountainous areas of north and west, it can be very hot in the southern areas. Even more interesting is the difference of temperature, at the same time, in two areas close to each other, which provides such conditions that enable people to go skiing in the Zagros Mountains, and get to the beaches of the Caspian in the same day.
There are about 10,000 species of plants, 516 species of wild birds (almost equal to the number of birds and plants species in the whole Europe), which undoubtedly draw the attention of specialists and animal lovers. These species include rarities like the Siberian Crane, Falcons, the Imperial Eagle and the Dalmatian Pelican.
Iran boasts 160 mammal species. Among these is the Persian Fallow deer, which was thought to be extinct, the Asian Cheetah which is really in danger of extinction, the Persian Wild Ass, the Asiatic Black Bear, and three species of Gazelle. Of course all these animals need more protection to survive. Sadly, the Asiatic Lion and the Caspian Tiger have now become extinct, though stories from locals sometimes attest to sighting of the Caspian tiger.
... Payvand News - 01/02/13 ... --