Iran's prestigious Golestan Palace has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the UN cultural body says. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization made the decision on Sunday during its World Heritage Committee's 37th annual session held in Phnom Penh.
The palace was built in Tehran in the 16th century when the Safavid Dynasty was ruling Iran.
The site received its most characteristic features following extensions in the 19th century, when the ruling Qajar family selected the palace as the royal residence and seat of power. Golestan Palace currently consists of eight key palace structures mainly used as museums.
"The Golestan Palace is considered of Outstanding Universal Value because it is presented as the most complete and only remaining example of a royal palace which is an architectural masterpiece of the Qajar era," the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) said in a statement.
World Heritage site is a title that is given to the locations, which have "outstanding universal value" to all of humanity, according to the UNESCO description.
The World Heritage Committee inscribed Iran's Friday Mosque and Gonbad-e Qabus Tower during its 36th session held in St. Petersburg, Russia, from June 24 to July 6, 2012.
Armenian monastic ensembles of Iran, Bam and its cultural landscape, Bisotoun, Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Sheikh Safi al-din shrine, Shoushtar historical hydraulic system, Soltaniyeh, Tabriz historic bazaar complex, Takht-e Soleiman, Tchogha Zanbil and the Persian garden are other Iranian historical heritage inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List.
More about Golestan Palce:
The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, the Golestan Palace (Palace of Flowers) belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran's Historic Arg (citadel).
The Arg was built during the reign of Tahmasb I (r. 1524-1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), and was later renovated by Karim Khan Zand (r. 1750-1779). Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742-1797) chose Tehran as his capital. The Arg became the site of the Qajar (1794-1925) Court and Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal family.
During the Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Golestan Palace was used for formal royal receptions. The most important ceremonies to be held in the Palace during the Pahlavi era were the coronation of Reza Khan (r. 1925-1941) in Takht-e Marmar and the coronation of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941-deposed 1979) in the Museum Hall.
In its present state, Golestan Palace is the result of roughly 400 years construction and renovations. The buildings at the contemporary location each have a unique history.
Related Info: Iranian sites on the World Heritage List
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