Dan Robinson, VOA
JERUSALEM - U.S. President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu say they are united in their determination to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapon. Iran and Syria were major topics of conversation on Obama's first day in Israel, as he began a four-day Middle East trip.
At a joint news conference, both leaders said the United States and Israel agree that a nuclear-armed Iran would be a threat to Israel, the region and the world.
Obama said there is "very little daylight" (very little difference) between U.S. and Israeli government assessments on Iran's nuclear development. He said a diplomatic solution is the preferable and longer lasting outcome, but added that he respects Israel's right to act on its own as the U.S. keeps all options open.
"The United States will continue to consult closely with Israel on next steps and I will repeat, all options are on the table, and we will do what is necessary to prevent Iran from getting the world's worst weapons," said President Obama.
Obama said Iran's past behavior indicates that the international community "can't even trust, much less verify" Tehran's pledges. But he said the world needs to continue "testing" whether the issue can be resolved diplomatically.
Netanyahu said he is "absolutely convinced" that Obama is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, and he believes Obama fully understands Israel's position.
"The United States is committed to deal with it, Israel is committed to deal with it," said Netanyahu. "We have different vulnerabilities obviously and different capabilities, we take that into account. But what we do maintain, and I think the president is the first to do so, is that Israel has a right to independently defend against any threat including the Iranian threat."
Netanyahu said if Iran arrives at an "immunity zone" in its uranium enrichment process, "whatever time is left is not a lot of time" for action. Iran insists its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.
Talks also covered the bloody civil war in Syria and the use or transfer of chemical weapons to terrorist groups. Obama said this would be a "game changer," although he said the U.S. and its partners are working to learn the facts.
"When you start seeing weapons that can cause potential devastation, and mass casualties, and you let that genie out of the bottle, then you are looking potentially at even more horrific scenes than we have already seen in Syria, and the international community has to act on that additional information," said Obama.
President Obama and Israeli leaders say they are fully committed to reviving stalled Israel-Palestinian peace negotiations for a two-state solution.
Obama said his goal is to ensure that the United States remains a positive force in creating opportunities for peace.
Netanyahu spoke of turning a page in Israel's relations with Palestinians.
"Let us sit down at the negotiating table," he said. "Let us put aside all preconditions. Let us work together to achieve the historic compromise that will end our conflict once and for all."
President Obama meets Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas Thursday in Ramallah in the occupied West Bank.
Related Information & Stories:
The Development and Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Today eight countries
are possessing nuclear weapons. The five nuclear weapons states
United States, Russia (former Soviet Union), United Kingdom, France
and China, are the only countries allowed to have nuclear weapons
according to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) from 1970. All
members of the United Nations except Israel, India and Pakistan have
signed the NPT.
Crying wolf over Iran's nuclear program - After producing his comic diagram during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly last September, drawing a red line in order to stop Iran's alleged imminent nuclear bomb, the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called for immediate action against Iran before it was too late. -Farhang Jahanpour 03/8/13
The Promise of Almaty - Could the Almaty talks have been the turning point the international community has so long been yearning for? "Useful" and "realistic" are two words not generally used when characterizing Iranian nuclear negotiations, yet that's exactly how American and Iranian officials labeled the Almaty talks that concluded on February 27th. -Omid Irani 03/14/13
JUST THINKING FREELY: Potentials for a US-Iran Rapprochement- On Tuesday, February 26, the P5+1 and Iran commenced negotiations in Almati, Kazakhstan, and Chuck Hagel began his first day on the job as the new Secretary of Defense. Both these events bore great significance, considering what had gone on to lead to this stage of the game. - Kam Zarrabi 03/2/13
On Iran, try backscratching, not blackmail - If someone threatened to punish you unless you did something you didn't want to do, how would you respond? Unless the threatened punishment was really horrible you'd refuse, because giving into threats encourages the threatener to make more demands. But what if someone offered to pay you to do something you didn't want to do? -Stephen M. Walt, FP 02/28/13
On Heels of Argo Oscar, Former Hostages Say U.S. and Iran Must Break "Wall of Mistrust" - On the heels of Argo's Oscar victory, and on the eve of renewed Iranian nuclear negotiations retired Ambassadors Bruce Laingen and John Limbert - two former hostages held at the U.S. embassy in Tehran during the 444 day crisis - called for sustained diplomacy and an expansion of U.S.-Iran talks. -Solmaz Elmi-Sarabi, NIAC 03/1/13
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