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Tree-cutting blamed for soil erosion, decimation of fish in Caspian Sea


Source: Radio Zamaneh

A top environmental expert says 90 percent of the fish in the Caspian Sea have been destroyed. The Bahar daily reports that Hooshang Ziyayi said: "Due to deforestation in the Caspian Sea region and soil erosion, many of the rivers where fish from Caspian Sea would spawn have dried out or become so polluted that millions of fish are now being lost each year."

Photo shows deforestation of Hirkani region near Gorgan in Golestan province
(see more photos)

Ziyayi also blamed continued soil erosion for the increase in flooding in the region.

Ziyayi pointed the finger at the many large corporations that have been exploiting the forests of northern Iran, saying they are responsible for the loss of wildlife and vegetation variety in the region.

In May of this year, the deputy head of the Environment Department of Iran said pollution in the Caspian Sea is cause for deep concern.

The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 and a volume of 78,200 km3. It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) and is bounded to the north by Russia, to the south by Iran, western Azerbaijan, and eastern Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. (View Larger Map)


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