Photos by Seyed Mohsen Sajjadi, Islamic Republic News Agency; report by Fars Foundation
The Sepahsalar Mosque or Motahari Mosque is the largest Mosque in Tehran. With its distinctive eight minarets is an important Qajar era landmark. The Mosque was built through the largess of Nasser od-din Shah`s Grand Vizier, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Commander-in-Chief (Sepah Salar) Mirza Hossein Khan.
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Panoramic photo of Sepahsalar Mosque
Sepahsalar of the mosque with the name of Ayatollah Motahari Mosque, also known as one of the great mosques of Tehran. The mosque, a school that has the same name in Tehran in the National Assembly (Baharestan Square) is located. Mosques and schools sepahsalar (martyr Motahari) High School's first and largest mosque in Tehran that Iran's closest integration between architecture and the architecture of mosques in Istanbul. Sepahsalar has a special dome of the mosque, minaret number of common size is about 10 minarets and dome-style architecture of the mosques in Turkey that he has slept with two ears.
Dome housing revolution in the architecture of mosques is the Mosque of sepahsalar. A large cross with dimensions 45 x 45 meters with a span of 15 meters in the center of the main dome is placed. In the southern part, the viewer sees a large space with no columns. Even the style of this space, a huge pillar of the dome, it would not be altered. Four dome regular rectangular cross wings are covered. The exterior of this four-Dome in hierarchy toward the main dome with a height of 25 m to create.
Because of structural and non structural decorating scheme because Yazdi and Mogharnas and bowl at the mosque used to tile work and architecture of Qajar art is not only one of the most beautiful mosques, but also a school. Important types of tile work in the mosque, seven color mosaic or brick and can be named as the latter two arabesques and Chinese knots and prominent mosaic over the entrance is unique in its kind. Stone and stone decorations used in this series and move to other buildings of the Qajar era architecture is different and is similar Zandieh. The shape of the decorative brick work to be seen, however, makes up the main building of brick and tile work on the grounds that it is an attractive view. High brick arch of the entrance corridor and also to be seen. All rooms in the main yard in the winter and are sudorific Chinese knots. The main door that opens to the street from the best examples of metal ornaments in this collection. The back window of the chamber are also beautiful examples Frfvrzhh (handmade iron fence) is seen.
Overall, the design inspired by the Mosque of Isfahan, Chahar Bagh School Isfahan Mosque and is Istanbul .
When I speak about the traditional architecture, we mean 30_40 years ago, because 30 years ago to the side, with the arrival of civilization, technology and new architecture, many buildings and monuments is undergoing changes.
Construction and validation of each value represents the architect's taste. The historical record of every country of birth and popular culture in which they live. Hence, given the history of art and architectural masterpieces, is important.
Founders and builders of this great edifice of the National Assembly, "Haji Mirza Hussein Khan Ghazvini sepahsalar," Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar, the chancellor and his brother, "Moshir Dawla" were. In the year 1296 the sepahsalar. It. Since the founding of this building began in 1298 in Mashhad died, his brother, Yahya Khan Mshyraldvlh completion and the completion of this duty and the efforts of the imperfections of his death and decoration gradually carried by Vice found the time. The construction of the final two years in the life of Mirza Hossein Khan was sepahsalar and the cost was funded from his personal income. The complete collection after his death by his brother, took.
Mirza Hussain Khan was the sepahsalar years Iranian ambassador resident in Istanbul. So when he returned to Iran to build a mosque with a look at Turkey's mosques. Perhaps the closest is the integration between architecture and Persian architecture, the mosques of Istanbul.
Design and architect of the mosque, the examiner took Dawla was Haj Hassan Qomi. The core of the building lasted nearly five years. Also, "Haj Hasan architect" and "master architect Kashani would" be remembered as the architect of the mosque and school.
In the subsequent period, the completed parts of the mosque continued in 1320 in place of the old mud house, which was defined with a set of Quran. In 1342, Professor make changes in the bedchamber, and in winter 1375, the restoration of Mr. Saeedi said the main dome.
Mosque prayer hall which is known as forty column (it has 44 columns), the courtyard is located in the East; foreground with four gardens, four streets and a large pond in the middle of Tehran subterranean running water (for schools, mosques and building Baharestan come) was watered.
The floor is 62 meters and consolidation of approximately 61 cells on two floors and each floor to house students made a total of nearly sixty rooms are. Four buildings on four sides by a veranda porch is large and located in the south, leading to a massive dome and is less domed mosques of Safavid period is not great but not that nice. Four are located on the veranda to meet them face Mecca is the shortest and dome of the mosque with a dome more of a difference and offers a new architecture. The four minarets, each one to back up the base of the stone carvings and delicate style, with two minarets on either side, the six minarets of the mosque are from the first four minarets, two minarets flank the two Ivan is connected to the other two minarets on the porch. The minarets are built of brick and cladding tiles are very beautiful.
Sepahsalar of the important features of the mosque, which is actually one of the most notable innovations of the Qajar architecture is the presence of fluorescent and large terrace on the upper floor. Although much of this space with the capacity of the Mosque of Sultan Sayyid Mosque is also found in Semnan, sepahsalar of the mosque in larger scale and with more complexity is designed. This initiative created a plan that also instill a sense of being trapped and fixed, space limitations make a move in the opposite direction. The atmosphere between the observer and the possibility of such a strategy makes no compromises and at the same time adds to the complexity and richness of the space. Mosque minarets and other architectural features in multiple dimensions is Namntzrh. Along the half cylinder to the floor of the courtyard is a unique and innovative to view it. Instead of using the Mvznh, there were many, but this is the complementary set of vertical motion and its application is very timely.
Libraries in the vicinity of the mosque was built in the early years of the Pahlavi era, although the architecture of the library is very valuable, non-glaring at a mosque with it has achieved.
Sepahsalar mosque and school in time
Present in the mosque library, a permanent exhibition of the works of old like "Mirza Tahir Tonekaboni", "collection of books Sadegh Tabatabai," and there are many other valuable historical collections.
Sepahsalar of the school belonging to the old high school science in the repair. The school attached to the tissue sections of the architectural work is wrong. Academy of Persian Language and Literature in the first place was the mosque, the mosque where sepahsalar's library is located. My first memories of the Academy in the library that is now restored, can be found.
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