Source: Tehran Times
Iran has applied to UNESCO to have its historical wind towers registered on the World Heritage List, the deputy director of the Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization (CHTHO) announced on Tuesday.
Wind towers in central Iranian city of Yazd
A file containing the necessary information about the wind towers was sent to UNESCO last week, Mohammad-Hassan Talebian said in a press conference.
The wind tower ("badgir", literally "wind catcher") is the traditional structure used for passive air-conditioning in historical Iranian architecture.
"This structure is an essential element of architecture in eleven Iranian cities including Tehran, Yazd, and Hormozgan," Talebian said.
Wind catchers are found throughout the Middle East, from Pakistan to North Africa where they have been built since antiquity, the Encyclopedia Iranica wrote.
In construction and design, wind towers exhibit a great deal of regional variety but the structures all perform a similar function.
These structures trap prevailing winds in vents above the roofs of buildings, channeling the air downward to cool and ventilate the rooms below.
Wind catchers are built in many regions of Iran, predominantly on houses in areas with a hot, arid climate.
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