Source: Mehr News Agency
A windcatcher is a traditional Persian architectural element to create natural ventilation in buildings. Windcatchers come in various designs: uni-directional, bi-directional, and multi-directional. Windcatchers remain present in many countries and can be found in traditional Persian-influenced architecture throughout the Middle East, including in the small Arab states of the Persian Gulf (mostly Bahrain and Dubai), Pakistan and Afghanistan.
The famous windcatcher of Aghazadeh House in Abarkouh, Iran
TEHRAN, Dec. 16 (Mehr News Agency) -- The picture of famous windcatcher of Aghazadeh House is printed on the Iranian bill as the Iranian unique structure is going to be registered in world heritage list of UNESCO.
Mehr News had recently reported that the UAE has constructed a big windcatcher in one of its squares and uses this element in its urban environment, especially its tourism sites, to claim the skill of constructing this structure. The UAE has even informed UNESCO that they intend to register the element as theirs in the list of world heritage.
Windcatchers at the Madinat Jumeirah resort in UAE
However, based on documents presentd by Iran Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization, this technology has belonged to Iran since very old days and it is still an Iranian element.
Farhad Nazari, the head of Registration of Historical Sites said "concerning the presence of windcatcher in different cities and the fact that the knowledge of its technology and construction is fading away due to the limited number of its workmen, we chose this structure to be registered in UNESCO."
While the case of Iranian windcatcher is under investigation, President Rouhani unveiled a new 20000-Rial bill yesterday on the back of which picture of a windcatcher is printed.
This windcatcher belongs to the Aghazadeh ancient house, which has been registered as a national monument. The windcatcher of this house is considered as one of the most beautiful and original windcatchers with a height of 18 meters and 19 vents to adjust the temperature even when there is no wind in the region. The unique point about this windcatcher is that it is designed and constructed in two floors, while 95% of the windcatchers have only one floor.
Mohammad Mehdi Sherafat, director of ICHTO department in Yazd said it was an accomplishment for Central Bank as every historical monument is the identity of a nation and it has to be protected.
Printing of this windcatcher on a national Iranian bill is a proof that it originates in Iran. Majid Saneai, the head of Currency Production Organization of ICB said "this print is a representation of historical documents as the designs on bills are always a demonstration of national, religious and historical identities and civilization of a nation."
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