Source: Impact Iran
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is an important way the United Nations helps promote human rights worldwide. The UPR is a review of a country's entire human rights record conducted by UN member states. All countries voluntarily undergo a UPR about every four years at the Human Rights Council in Geneva. During the UPR, member states make recommendations to the country under review.
During its first review, Iran received 212 recommendations from 51 countries and accepted 126. Ahead of Iran's second UPR in October 2014, we took a look at Iran's implementations of these 126 recommendations. Has Iran's government done what it promised?
The Universal Periodic Review "has great potential to promote and protect human rights in the darkest corners of the world.” - Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed.
The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by October 2011, has reviewed the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur.
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