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Ancient Settlement Uncovered In West-Central Iran

Source: Tavoos Art

Excavations in an ancient hill in Shazand in the Central Province of Iran have found evidence of settlement which goes back to 8 millennia ago.

According to Ghafour Kaka, the head of exploration expedition at the site of Sarsakhti castle hill in an eponymous village in Shazand: the results of cultural findings of archaeological excavation of the area and its surrounding show it has been inhabited since Neolithic age (8000 years ago) until the Qajar Era. Based on Stratigraphic studies of 2012, the site contains relics of Neolithic, Eneolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, Parthian, Ilkhanid, and Qajar periods. The excavations of the spring of 2016 carried out with the aim of reaching the oldest human settlement in the area led to very important neolithic and Eneolithic discoveries in a 4 in 6 meters trench. Among the most important findings were simple and decorated potteries, decorative objects, stone tools, bony flag posts, animal figurines, ceramic spindles and casting molds.

Our archaeological knowledge of this period is limited to excavations carried out before the revolution. Lack of systematic dating of the excavated areas make it difficult to reach any conclusive archaeological conclusion in regard to this central part of Zagros Range. As a site on the east side of the Central Zagros, Sarsakhti mound with its pile of 3 meters width of Neolithic objects is very important. Among them is a human skeleton which provides vital information about burial methods during that age. It belongs to 7500 years ago buried in a fetus like position. Other objects like a tortoise shell, stone tools, flint stones and a vase filled with bones were also buried with the dead. The skeleton is transferred to Four Season Museum in Arak.

Other important findings are numismatic counters or jetons in spherical and pyramidal shapes. Animal figurines found in this period of Sarsakhti Mound are all broken and had ritual functions.

It seems that the Castle Mound had a lasting settlement throughout the neolithic age with regional contacts with important sites of the Central Zagros and particularly its east side.

With a glance at the geographical map of Iran, we realize that the region is located in an area connected to the center of Iranian Plateau from one side and to the Central Zagros from the other side. Thus it can embrace a mixture of various regional and trans-regional cultures. Sarsakhti mound stands on the mountainous skirts of Zagros range towering Merchaleh River with water running in it almost throughout the year irrigating a vast area.

... Payvand News - 09/23/16 ... --

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