The United Nations Security Council is to hold urgent talks Tuesday in
response to a ballistic missile test carried out by Iran. The United States
requested the meeting following Sunday's test launch of a medium-range missile.
The exact type of missile and its capabilities were not clear.
Iran test-fires two ballistic missiles during large-scale drills
(March 2016 file photo by Mehr News Agency)
A 2015 Security Council resolution prohibits Iran from any activities
related to ballistic missiles designed to carry nuclear warheads.
The eight-year ban followed the adoption of an agreement Iran reached with six world powers to limit its nuclear program in return for sanctions relief.
The deal brokered with the U.S., Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany came in response to allegations Iran was working to develop nuclear weapons, which Iran has repeatedly rejected.
During a news conference in Tehran Tuesday, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif did not confirm or deny the test had taken place, but reiterated Iran's stance that its missiles are not designed to be capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.
Indiana University Iran analyst Hussein Banai said he thinks the motivation behind the test was mostly political, and that Iran has learned "how to behave in response to an aggressive U.S. administration."
"I think it's done this in order to send a clear signal that it's not going to back down from the kind of normal activities it was carrying out during the Obama administration, and that it does not want to appear conciliatory or somehow too timid in the face of tough talk coming out of Washington," Banai told VOA.
U.S. President Donald Trump has been a sharp critic of the Iranian nuclear deal, saying the world powers gave up too much in exchange for too little. In a phone call this week with Saudi King Salman, Trump promised to "rigorously" enforce the agreement.
Senator Bob Corker, another opponent of the deal, said Monday Iran will no longer "be given a pass for its repeated ballistic missile violations."
"I look forward to working with my colleagues and the administration to hold Iran accountable for this and other violations while ensuring radical enforcement of existing restrictions on its nuclear program," he said in a statement.
Source: Press TV
Iran's foreign minister has cautioned the United States against politicizing
the Islamic Republic's legitimate efforts at reinforcing its defense
capabilities. "We hope that the issue of Iran's defense program... does not
turn into a pretext for political games," Mohammad Javad Zarif said at a joint
press conference with his visiting French counterpart Jean-Marc Ayrault in
Tehran on Tuesday.
Iran's FM Javad Zarif (R) with his visiting French counterpart Jean-Marc Ayrault
Tehran, January 31, 2017 - photo by Islamic Republic News Agency
Zarif referred to the Islamic Republic's ballistic missile tests - which the
country regularly undertakes to boost its defensive prowess - and said the
issue of the tests "falls outside [the framework of the UN Security Council's]
Resolution 2231 was adopted on July 20, 2015 to endorse a nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Under the resolution, Iran is "called upon" not to undertake any activity related to missiles "designed to be capable of" delivering nuclear weapons. Iran says it is not involved in any such missile work and has no such warheads.
Zarif said all the parties to the JCPOA, including both France and the previous US administration, have attested that Iran's missile tests have nothing to do with the nuclear agreement.
The Resolution only points to the ballistic missiles that can carry nuclear warheads, he said, and added, "We have announced that none of our ballistic missiles are designed to carry nuclear warheads. Our missiles are for carrying conventional warfare and serve the purpose of the Islamic Republic's legitimate defense, thus falling outside the purview of Resolution 2231."
'We seek no one's permission for defense'
Over the past 250 years, Zarif said, Iran has never started any wars, and
the country never turns its weapons against anyone but foreign aggressors.
The top Iranian diplomat said the Iranian people do not wait for anyone's permission to engage in defending themselves given their experience of the 1980-88 war imposed on the Islamic Republic by Iraq and the toll international terrorism has exacted on the country.
American and Israeli officials have claimed that Iran recently carried out a ballistic missile test.
Iranian officials have not confirmed any such test. But the US mission to the United Nations (UN) said on Monday that it had sought the UN Security Council to discuss the reported launch, alleging it defied UN resolutions. The Council then decided to hold an emergency meeting on Tuesday at Washington's request.
Talking to Interfax news agency, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov took on the matter, saying that Moscow had not confirmed that the missile test had taken place. He said that even if such actions took place, they "do not breach the resolution," referring to Resolution 2231.
Ryabkov said demands for the UN discussion were aimed at "heating up the situation."
Zarif, meanwhile, said that the US had already registered a shameful record
by issuing visa bans against nationals from seven countries, including the
US President Donald Trump on Friday signed an executive order banning the entry of citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen into the United States for 90 days over purported security concerns.
The French foreign minister, on arrival in Tehran, had said the order was "dangerous," amounted to "discrimination," and had to be revoked.
'US not as committed to N-deal as Iran'
The Iranian foreign minister also said Iran has, as verified by the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), complied with the nuclear accord.
"Unfortunately," he said, however, "we have not witnessed as much commitment to the JCPOA on the part of the other parties to the deal, especially the United States, as we have exhibited."
"A case in point has been the US overseas laws, which continue to prevent the complete implementation of the deal," Zarif said.
He was referring to US laws that mete out punishment to the foreign financial entities engaging in business with the Islamic Republic.
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