Source: Center for Human Rights in Iran
16 Reformist MPs Urge Support For Protesters
A top reformist lawmaker has pledged to investigate the arrests by Iran’s Intelligence Ministry of dozens of university students during the country’s recent nationwide protests.
“According to a list that was given to me, about 90 students have been arrested throughout the country in the past few days,” Parvaneh Salahshouri, the leader of the women’s faction in Iran’s Parliament, told the Iran-based Jame’e No news website on January 5, 2018.
“Reports reaching us indicate that the students were arrested by the Intelligence Ministry,” she added. “We will officially discuss this matter among a few MPs and seek answers from the relevant authorities.”
The lack of information provided by officials about the more than one thousand people detained during the anti-government demonstrations that broke out in Iran on December 28, 2017, has caused serious concern among the detainees’ families.
To date, neither the Intelligence Ministry nor the judiciary has released the names of the detainees.
At least 25 people have been killed during the unrest, which lasted more than a week after the first protest on December 28. On January 7, 23-year-old Sina Ghanbari hung himself in Evin Prison. The authorities have not released any details about his death.
Sixteen reformist MPs urged support for the protesters on January 7.
“These protests, and their violent continuation are the outcome of nothing but the lack of institutions for the peaceful resolution of political and social conflicts. There are no avenues for non-violent protest and the legal right to protest is not recognized,” said the statement published in the Shargh newspaper.
“We defend the right of every citizen and every group of people to protest and believe that expressing criticism is in the society’s interest,” added the MPs. “What endangers society, the state and the country are not lawful protests by the people. Rather, danger comes from despair, mistrust, hatred and violence when there is no dialogue.”
The majority of reformist politicians, who have led protests and movements in Iran since the 1990s, were noticeably absent from and silent on the unrest that began on the eve of 2018.
Prominent human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh pointed out that some reformist politicians also incorrectly claimed that the protests were illegal.
“It’s not just the conservatives who are constantly claiming the protests are illegal but also some reformists as well,” she told CHRI, adding that the people’s right to peaceful freedom of assembly is guaranteed in Iran’s Constitution.
Relatives Hold Sit-In At Evin Prison
For the past few days, dozens of relatives of the detainees, as well as civil rights activists, have been gathering outside Tehran’s Evin Prison to get information about their loved ones.
More than 40 Iranian university students, mostly activists, were arrested between December 30, 2017, and January 4, 2018, according to credible information received by CHRI.
“I have precise information that some of the detained students were not even in the protests,” tweetedreformist MP Mahmoud Sadeghi on January 5.
“Reports about the detention of students during the recent unrest are worrying, especially since none of the officials have provided any explanation,” Fatemeh Saeidi, another reformist member of the women’s parliamentary bloc, told the semi-official Iranian Students’ News Agency (ISNA) on January 5.
Rouhani, who enjoyed widespread support from university students during his 2013 and 2017 re-election campaigns, promised to de-securitize Iranian universities, which have often served as the focal point of protest movements in Iran.
“Hassan Rouhani’s government claims to be moderate but his Intelligence Ministry has arrested members of a legal student trade union organization only because they asked where the detained students were being held,” a student activist in Tehran who asked not be named for security reasons toldCHRI.
“Rouhani promised to make universities safer for students but instead they have turned into military fortresses and more and more students are being arrested every day,” added the source.
CHRI has confirmed the names of 43 detained university students.
A senior government official recently stated that the vast majority of the hundreds who have been detained around Iran are young people.
“More than 90 percent of the people arrested in these unrests were young people and teenagers under the age of 25 and virtually none of them have any arrest history,” said Hossein Zolfaghari, Iran’s deputy interior minister for security affairs, on January 1.
In a tweet on January 2, Education Minister Mohammad Bathaei expressed sorrow about the deaths of two teenage students, Armin Sadeghi and another student only identified as “Shayan,” both of whom lost their lives during what Bathaei described as “blind, violent riots.”
Iranian newspapers have also reported the arrest of a 15-year-old boy identified as “Afshin” in Tehran.
“We don’t know where he is. He called just to say he had been arrested and would be freed soon,” his mother told Shargh on January 3.
“Afshin is a good student. He was studying in the library because the schools were closed these past two days,” she said. “Our home is on Italy St. and every time there’s a disturbance there, we pay the price and now I don’t know where my son is being held.”
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