Source: Center for Human Rights in Iran
Iranian poet and filmmaker Baktash Abtin has been sentenced and fined in Iran for posting a photo to his Instagram account of a man who was assaulted by police.
Posting a photo of a man injured by police to his Instagram account has cost Iranian poet and filmmaker Baktash Abtin three months of community service at the State Welfare Organization of Iran and five million tomans ($1,182 USD).
"Mazdak's face was badly bruised and he had broken cheeks and ribs," Abtin told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on June 7, 2018. "When I posted his photo on my Instagram, it got a lot of attention and it was widely shared on the internet. A few days later, I got a summons from the Revolutionary Court in Karaj for 'propaganda against the state.'"
A Revolutionary Court in Karaj, west of Tehran, ruled that Abtin, a member of the persecuted Iranian Writers Association, committed "propaganda against the state" when he published a photo of Mazdak Zarafshan with a bruised eye caused by an attack by police on December 2, 2016, when they tried to violently shut down a memorial service for Iranian authors who were murdered in 1998.
Mazdak Zarafshan is the son of Nasser Zarafshan, an attorney who served five years in prison in Iran for representing the families of dissidents murdered in the 1990s in what came to be known as the chain murders.
Batktash said the court originally sentenced him to a year in prison but later ruled that he should do community service and pay a fine instead.
He is also facing three more court cases on national security charges, including a trial on June 12, 2018, for allegedly assaulting a policeman.
"That charge is really a joke because the victim and perpetrator have been switched," he said. "I was the one who was severely beaten up in front of hundreds of witnesses and dragged into a car and taken to prison."
Another ongoing case against Abtin dates back to 2013 when the Culture and Media Court charged him and his colleague Reza Khandan Mahabadi with "propaganda against the state" for publishing IWA newsletters and flyers.
"I would like to emphasize," he added, "that these pressures been brought on by the security and judicial agencies. But the imprisonments, beatings and intimidations will not deter me or my colleagues from defending freedom of speech and seeking the truth and punishment of those responsible for the chain murders."
In 1998, writer Majid Sharif, opposition politician Dariush Forouhar, his wife Parvaneh Eskandari and writers Mohammad Mokhtari and Mohammad Jafar Pouyandeh-all IWA members-were murdered in cold blood.
An investigation by President Mohammad Khatami's reformist government concluded that the murders had been carried out by "rogue elements in the Intelligence Ministry," forcing the minister in charge, Ghorbanali Dorri Najafabadi, to resign.
Top ministry officials Saeed Eslami (Emami), Mostafa Kazemi and Mehrdad Alikhani were also arrested, and information about the murders was leaked to the media.
During a judicial inquiry, the prosecution revealed that the chain murders were part of a systematic policy to physically eliminate political and cultural dissidents inside and outside of Iran-a policy that had begun a decade earlier with the assassination of moderate opposition politician Kazemi Sami on November 23, 1988.
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