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Azar 1 1396
November 22 2017
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Outspoken Daughter Of Slain Iranian Dissidents Going On Trial For 'Spreading Propaganda'

- The murders of Parastou Forouhar's parents were pinned on Iran's Intelligence Ministry. Now, the same ministry is going after the artist for speaking out about their deaths and her alleged ties by extension to a scandal over an activist who was photographed drinking wine. Forouhar will go on trial on November 25, three days after the 19th anniversary of the deaths of her parents, Dariush and Parvaneh Forouhar. The two political activists and dissidents were stabbed to death in their Tehran home in November 1998 in a killing that officials later blamed on rogue intelligence agents, despite suggestions otherwise. -Golnaz Esfandiari, RFE - 11/22/17

175 Nobel Laureates Call on Iran to Release Swedish Resident Ahmadreza Djalali

- In a letter addressing Iran's ambassador to the UN, 175 Nobel laureates have called on the country's authorities to release Iranian-born Swedish resident Ahmadreza Djalali, who says he has been imprisoned in Tehran for refusing to spy for the country's Intelligence Ministry. - 11/22/17

Political Prisoners Transferred to Prison in Northwestern Iran After Being Beaten by Rajaee Shahr Guards

- Three political prisoners serving life sentences have been transferred from Rajaee Shahr Prison in Karaj, west of Tehran, to Orumiyeh Central Prison in West Azerbaijan Province, 444 miles away, without a court order. The Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) has learned that Mohammad Nazari, Khalid Fereydouni, and Omar Faghihpour were moved on November 16, 2017, after being beaten by guards in the clinic of Rajaee Shahr Prison. - 11/21/17

Iranian Official Threatens "Restrictions" on Social Media Networks That Reject State Censorship Policies

- A senior official representing Iran's top internet regulation body has threatened to take action against social media applications that refuse to comply with the country's strict censorship rules. "Foreign messaging networks should comply with the polices of the Islamic Republic of Iran and should not publish immoral material," said Abolhassan Firouzabadi, the secretary of Iran's Supreme Cyberspace Council (SCC), on November 14, 2017. "If they cooperate with us, there won't be any problem. Otherwise, we will move towards introducing restrictions against them." - 11/21/17

New Crisis Looms Over Iran's Earthquake-Hit Areas

- More than a week after a 7.3-magnitude earthquake hit western Iran, icy rains are expected as many survivors still face a shortage of aid supplies such as heating appliances, tents, and plastic covers. "The situation in earthquake-hit areas needs attention; otherwise, we are going to face a disaster worse that the earthquake itself," Farhad Tajari, a member of parliament for Ghasr Shireen, was quoted by Iran Students News Agency (ISNA) as saying. - 11/20/17

Iran's Intelligence Ministry "Invites" Rouhani Campaign Manager to Stop Advocating for Kurdish Rights

- President Hassan Rouhani's chief campaign manager in Iran's Kurdistan Province was subjected to intimidation tactics while being questioned by Intelligence Ministry agents about his peaceful efforts to include Sunni Muslims in the government. - 11/20/17

Parastou Forouhar: Iran's Intelligence Ministry Filed Charges Against Me Based on a Photograph

- Iran's Intelligence Ministry pressed charges against activist Parastou Forouhar based on a photo of one of her artworks that created a stir on social media, she told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on November 13, 2017. - 11/17/17

Seven Doctors Disagree With Iranian Prison Authorities' Decision to Keep Alireza Golipour Incarcerated

- Alireza Golipour has been deemed unfit to stay in Evin Prison by seven doctors more than a month into his hunger strike, his lawyer informed the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on November 13, 2017. "Mr. Golipour's physical condition is extremely critical and he could slip into a coma," said Azita Gharehbeyglou. "He was transferred to Tajrish Hospital on Friday night [November 10, 2017]. His blood sugar has dropped severely." - 11/17/17

Iran's Supreme Administrative Court Blocks Judicial-Parliamentary Agreement to Reinstate Zoroastrian City Council Member

- The Supreme Administrative Court in Tehran has blocked an agreement by the speaker of Parliament and the head of the judiciary to reinstate Sepanta Niknam, a member of the Zoroastrian faith, to the Yazd City Council. On November 8, 2017, President Hassan Rouhani's chief of staff, Mahmoud Vaezi, told reporters that an agreement had been reached between the legislative and judicial branches of government to allow Niknam to resume his post. - 11/16/17

Anger Hits Boiling Point As Iranian Quake Survivors Left In The Cold

- Frustration is boiling over as earthquake survivors sleep outside in freezing temperatures, waiting for much-needed aid to reach devastated areas of Iran. "People here have nothing, nothing. No tents, no blankets, no food. There's nothing here. People are facing very tough conditions here. It's a crisis situation," one resident of Sarpol-e Zahab, a town in Iran's western Kermanshah Province that has been described as among the worst hit, told a journalist reporting from the scene. - 11/15/17

83 Countries Vote to Pass UN Resolution Expressing "Serious Concern" over Human Rights in Iran

- In an overwhelming sign of international support for human rights in Iran, 83 countries approved a resolution by the UN Third Committee today criticizing the state of human rights in the Islamic Republic. The resolution by the UN's Third Committee on Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs, while noting progress in some areas, voiced "serious concern" over many areas of human rights violations in the country. - 11/15/17

U.S. Court Allows Ban On Some Travelers From Iran, Other Countries To Take U.S. President Donald Trump signing his original executive order on travel

- A U.S. appeals court is allowing President Donald Trump's latest executive order barring certain travelers from Iran and five other predominantly Muslim countries to take effect. The ruling on November 13 upholds the part of Trump's September 24 order which bars entry by people from Iran and the other countries if they do not have close connections in the United States. - 11/14/17

Residents of Region Devastated by 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake in Iran Still Waiting for Aid

- A reporter in Iran's Kurdistan Province, hit by a 7.3 magnitude earthquake on November 12, 2017, told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) that aid had not reached some of the most devastated villages and towns almost a full day after the earthquake had hit. "The Kouyek villages were completely leveled and no one had gone there to help 20 hours after the quake," said the reporter, who requested anonymity for security reasons, on November 13. - 11/14/17

U.K. Foreign Secretary Apologizes For Remarks About Briton Jailed In Iran

- British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has apologized for causing distress with remarks about an Iranian-British mother jailed in Iran. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a dual British-Iranian citizen, is serving a five-year sentence after being convicted of plotting to overthrow Iran's clerical establishment. - 11/14/17

Iran's Intelligence Ministry Killed Parastou Forouhar's Parents. Now It's Going After Her

- An Iranian activist who has been seeking justice for her parents murdered by Iran's Intelligence Ministry in 1998, will soon be put on trial based on charges brought by the same ministry. "I am due to be tried at Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court [in Tehran] based on charges cooked up against me by the Intelligence Ministry last year," blogged Parastou Forouhar on November 8, 2017. - 11/13/17

Iran's Telecommunications Minister Says He's Looking Into Lifting the State Ban on Twitter

- The head of Iran's Information and Communications Technology Ministry has promised to try to lift the state ban on Twitter, which state officials have been using for years while denying access by ordinary citizens in Iran. "Removing the ban on Twitter is being looked into," Minister Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, himself an avid Twitter user, told the semi-official Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA) on November 8, 2017. "I am following up on removing the filter on Twitter." - 11/13/17

Iranian Baha'i Citizens, Deprived Of Higher Education, Sentenced

- Three Baha'i citizens in Iran, already deprived of higher education, have reportedly each been sentenced by a notoriously hard-liner judge, Mohammad Moqisseh, to five years in prison. After being summoned to court six times, Tara Houshmand, Rouhie Safajoo, and Sarmad Shadabi were finally charged with "acting against national security through membership in the misleading Baha'i cult" and sentenced, the Human Rights Activists News reported on November 8. - 11/10/17

Iranian Political Prisoners Urge International NGOs to Investigate Case of Inmate With Suspected Cancer

- Three human rights activists held in Rajaee Shahr Prison in Iran have written a letter urging international rights groups to help fellow political prisoner Majid Assadi, who has been denied outside medical treatment despite severe health problems. "For a long time, Assadi-who is suspected of suffering from intestinal cancer-has been having difficulty sleeping because of the severity of the pain and constant vomiting, and yet his frequent visits to the prison clinic have not improved his condition," said the letter, signed by political prisoners Arash Sadeghi, Saeed Shirzad, and fellow inmate Saeed Mansou - 11/10/17

IRGC Hackers Target Iranian Journalists Based Abroad With Malware Campaign

- Hackers working for Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) targeted journalists based abroad with a malware campaign launched on November 6, 2017. An investigation by the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) showed that the malware, targeting Mac computer users, was sent in a ZIP file claiming to include an "article about women's rights." Upon being opened, the file released the malware onto the victim's computer. - 11/10/17

UN: Saudi Blockade Could Drive Yemen to Massive Famine

- The United Nations has warned that unless a Saudi Arabia-led military coalition allows humanitarian aid access into Yemen, it will lead to "the largest famine the world has seen for many decades, with millions of victims." - 11/9/17

UN: Saudi Blockade of Yemen's Ports Causing Humanitarian Catastrophe

- The United Nations is calling for an immediate halt to the Saudi Arabian coalition's blockade of life-saving commercial goods into Yemen. The coalition closed all land, sea and air ports in Yemen following a ballistic missile launch by Yemen's Houthi rebels near Saudi Arabia's capital, Riyadh, Saturday. -Lisa Schlein, VOA - 11/8/17

Iran's Rouhani Writes to Supreme Leader On Dispute Over Suspended Zoroastrian Council Member

- Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has condemned the recent suspension of a Zoroastrian member of a city council as "illegal" and asked the supreme leader to intervene in the growing dispute that has highlighted divisions within the state. - 11/7/17

Remarks By Britain's Johnson Raise Fears For Imprisoned Iranian-British Woman

- Britain warned on November 6 that recent comments by Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson should not be used by Iran to bring additional charges against imprisoned Iranian-British aid worker Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe. - 11/7/17

After 10 Years in Prison, Faith Leader Fariba Kamalabadi Says Baha'is Hope to Serve Iran

- In her first interview since being released from Evin Prison on October 31, 2017, Baha'i faith leader Fariba Kamalabadi said Baha'is "love" Iran and want to "serve" their country. "There have been a lot of reports about the rights that have been denied to Baha'is," Kamalabadi told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on November 1. "But no one has talked about the right to serve Iran, which is the right of every Iranian and the dream of every Baha'i in Iran." - 11/5/17

Iranian Poet Sentenced to Prison and Flogging For the Charge of "Insulting the Sacred"

- Poet and civil rights activist Reza Ekvanyan has been sentenced to three years in prison and 40 lashes for the charges of "propaganda against the state" and "insulting the sacred" by Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran, presided by Judge Mashallah Ahmadzadeh. - 11/5/17

Iranian State Officials Clash Over Allowing Religious Minorities in Local Elections

- The head of Iran's judiciary has sided with proponents of banning religious minorities from local elections while the Rouhani government has reiterated their rights as citizens under the Constitution. In his October 31 remarks, Chief Justice Sadegh Larijani said that the ban was the Guardian Council's prerogative as the country's highest authority in determining legislative compliance with Islamic principles. - 11/4/17

Thousands of Iranian Death Row Inmates to Receive Sentence Reviews Under Amended Drug Law

- Thousands of Iranians currently on death row for low-level drug crimes will receive sentence reviews under a newly amended law, announced Tehran Prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dowlatabadi on October 31, 2017. "The judges presiding over these cases have to be ready to implement the newly amended Law Against Drug Trafficking," he said. - 11/4/17

Iran's Reformist Newspapers Criticize Guardian Council's Decision to Ban Religious Minorities From Elections

- Several reformist newspapers in Iran have criticized a senior Muslim Shia theologian for supporting the suspension of a city council member on the grounds that he is Zoroastrian-a religious minority in the Islamic Republic. On October 3, 2017, Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi, a member of the Guardian Council, which vets laws for conformity with Islamic principles, reiterated the council's view that non-Muslims should be blocked from running as candidates in elections in Muslim-majority constituencies. - 10/31/17

Iranian weightlifter Kianoush Rostami denied visa to compete in Anaheim, California: "I never seek asylum in the U.S."

- Iranian weightlifter Kianoush Rostami says he is not seeking asylum in the United States. Phil Andrews, the chief executive of USA Weightlifting, told Tehran Times on Sunday that Rostami showed intent to move to the United States during his visa interview, or rather he failed to prove his intent to return to Iran after his move to the country. - 10/31/17

Iran Says Foiled 'Illegal Gathering' At Tomb Of Persian King

- Iran says it has foiled an online plan to organize an "illegal gathering" at the tomb of Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia. Iranians gather every year on October 29 at the pre-Islamic king's tomb, located in the ancient city of Pasargadae in the central province of Fars, to celebrate Cyrus Day, an unofficial holiday. - 10/30/17

Who's Afraid Of Cyrus The Great?

- Iran's authorities appear to be taking measures to prevent citizens from gathering at the tomb of Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia, in celebration of Cyrus Day. The ancient king's big event is to be held on October 29, which many believe is the day he conquered Babylon. -Golnaz Esfandiari, RFE/RL - 10/28/17

Online protests as Iranian Zoroastrian councillor suspended

- The suspension of Sepanta Niknam, an Iranian Zoroastrian councillor suspended on religious grounds, has polarised opinion among senior officials of the Islamic Republic and led to a campaign on social media calling for him to be reinstated. -BBC - 10/28/17

Iranian-American Organizations and Individual Plaintiffs File Supplement to Lawsuit Challenging Trump's Travel Ban 3.0

- Three prominent Iranian-American organizations and 16 individuals have filed legal papers challenging President Trump's October 24th Executive Order, which they argue targets refugees from Iran and 10 other African and Middle Eastern countries. The papers are a supplement to the Motion for Preliminary Injunction the groups filed earlier this month against the Trump Administration's Travel Ban 3.0. - 10/27/17

UN Special Rapporteur: Despite "Encouraging Signs," Human Rights Deteriorating in Iran

- In presenting her semi-annual 2017 report on Iran to the United Nations General Assembly, UN Special Rapporteur Asma Jahangir noted positive developments in the country while describing the ongoing deterioration of human rights. "The current human rights situation in Iran is deeply concerning in many respects, but I also believe that there are some encouraging signs which I hope will be realized in the near future," said Jahangir in presenting a full report to the UN General Assembly on October 25, 2017. - 10/27/17

Mother Of Iranian Protester Killed In 2009 Crackdown Said Sentenced To Prison

- A court in Iran has sentenced the mother of a protester killed in a government crackdown in 2009 to a year in prison after convicting her on charges that include spreading "propaganda against the establishment," people close to her say. Shahnaz Akmali has also been barred from posting on social media and banned from leaving Iran, people who are familiar with the ruling told RFE/RL's Radio Farda on October 26. - 10/26/17

Photos: Tehran schools hosting foreign students

- Some 370,000 foreign students, mostly Afghan nationals, receive free of charge schooling in Iran for the current school year, starting September 23, 2017. The pictures depict students in an elementary school and a high school in Tehran, where foreign students study together with Iranian nationals. - 10/26/17

Bill for Protection of Children in Iran Stunted in Parliament Since 2011

- Despite ongoing reports of disturbing cases of child abuse, Iran's Parliament has failed to ratify a bill on the protection of children that was introduced nearly six years ago. An Iran-based attorney specializing in child abuses cases told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) that social welfare organizations lack the resources to effectively protect children. - 10/26/17

UN urges Iran to stop harassing BBC Persian staff

- A United Nations expert has urged Iran's government to stop harassing BBC Persian staff and their families. David Kaye, the special rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression, confirmed he had received a complaint from the BBC about their treatment. It came after Iran initiated a criminal investigation into 150 BBC staff, former staff and contributors for "conspiracy against national security". -BBC - 10/26/17

Trump Resumes Refugee Admissions into U.S., but with Greater Restrictions

- U.S. President Donald Trump has signed an executive order resuming the admission of refugees into the country, but imposed tougher scrutiny on nationals from 11 countries identified as posing a high risk to national security. - 10/25/17

Iranian-Born Swedish Resident Sentenced to Death Based on Forced Confession

- Ahmadreza Djalali, an Iranian-born Swedish resident who has been imprisoned in Iran since April 2016, was sentenced to death for "moharebeh" (enmity with God) based on a forced confession, the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) has learned. - 10/24/17

After Years of International Condemnation, Iran Revises Penalty Policy

- After years of being pressured by the UN and other rights groups to reduce the country's high execution rate, Iran's Parliament has passed an amendment to the Law Against Drug Trafficking that could save thousands of prisoners currently on death row. "After the Parliament addressed one of our objections and clarified some ambiguities, the Guardian Council deliberated and approved the measure," the council's spokesman, Abbasali Kadkhodaei, told the semi-official Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA) on October 18, 2017. - 10/21/17

Photo of Smiling Political Prisoners in Iran's Evin Prison Lands One in Prison Known For Harsh Conditions

- Arash Sadeghi, a man serving a 15-year prison sentence for peacefully advocating human rights in Iran, has been transferred to a prison known for its inhumane conditions after photos of him smiling with other political prisoners surfaced on social media. - 10/20/17

Mousavi's Daughters: Officials "Hoping and Planning" for Death of Iranian Opposition Leaders Under House Arrest

- In an open letter addressing Muslim religious leaders worldwide, Mir Hossein Mousavi's daughters have accused "some" Iranian officials of "hoping and planning" for the "gradual death" of their father, mother Zahra Rahnavard, and fellow opposition leader Mehdi Karroubi. - 10/20/17

Iranian Opposition Figure Karrubi Allowed To Meet With Activist For First Time Since Arrest

- Iranian authorities have allowed opposition figure Mehdi Karrubi, who has been under house arrest since 2011, to meet with an activist from his own party, the first such meeting in the past six years. Karrubi's son, Hossein Karrubi, revealed the meeting in an October 19 interview with the Iranian news site Ensafnews. - 10/20/17

Reformist Political Activist Turned Refugee Briefly Arrested Upon Return to Iran

- A source close to Sedigheh Vasmaghi, who had been sentenced to prison in absentia, told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) that she was detained for a few hours by Intelligence Ministry agents at Tehran's international airport on October 15, 2017, and told to return after her case was processed. Saham News, an opposition website, claimed Vasmaghi, a former Tehran City Council member, was released because of her "physical condition;" she is clinically blind. - 10/19/17

Iranian Authorities Bar Reformist Ex-President Khatami From Attending Meeting

- Former Iranian President Mohammad Khatami has reportedly been banned from leaving his house several times in recent months. Former Iranian President Mohammad Khatami has reportedly been banned from leaving his house several times in recent months. - 10/19/17

IRAN: Yazd City Council will not Tolerate Suspension of Zoroastrian Member

- The suspension of Sepanta Niknam, the Zoroastrian Yazd City Councillor by the Administrative Court of Justice has sparked outrage amongst his peers and the public. A defeated hardliner candidate of the municipal elections has targeted Niknam for not being Muslim and has argued non-Muslims cannot run for office in a Muslim majority country. - 10/18/17

Reformist Iranian Journalist Sasan Aghaei in Prolonged Solitary Confinement Despite Calls for His Release by MPs

- The Iranian judiciary is refusing to release reformist journalist Sasan Aghaei, who has been detained for more than two months in solitary confinement despite calls for his release by members of Parliament. Since August 12, 2017, the deputy editor-in-chief of the reformist Etemad newspaper has been held in solitary confinement in Evin Prison's Ward 241, controlled by the judiciary's intelligence branch. - 10/18/17

Judge blocks Trump's latest travel ban order

- A federal judge in Hawaii has blocked the latest version of President Donald Trump's travel ban. U.S. District Court Judge Derrick Watson granted a temporary restraining order Tuesday, concluding that Trump appeared to run afoul of federal immigration law when he issued a proclamation last month restricting travel to the U.S. by citizens of eight countries. -Josh Gerstein, Politico - 10/18/17

Family of Late Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani Banned From Traveling Abroad

- Four family members of the late Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani have been banned from traveling abroad by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), while one member is facing a "fabricated case" against her, an informed source told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI). - 10/16/17

Tehran Prosecutor: Streaming TinyMoviez Website Shut Down For "Indecent" Content

- The popular Iranian streaming movies website, TinyMoviez, which featured pirated material, was shut down for distributing "indecent" foreign films, announced Tehran Prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dowlatabadi on October 10, 2017. The prosecutor was responding to media reports that the TinyMoviez website was shut down by a judicial order in response to complaints from the owners of a rival website seeking to take down its competition. - 10/16/17

Rights Organizations Urge US to Aid Access to Information in Iran by Expanding General License D-1

- In a joint statement, nine rights organizations including the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) have urged the US government to expand General License D-1, which allows the sale and distribution of personal communications tools such as mobile phones, personal computing tools, and other related software and hardware to Iran without violating US sanctions. - 10/13/17

Lawsuit Argues Trump's Latest Travel Ban Continues to Target Iranian Americans, Exacerbates Harm of Previous Travel Ban Orders

- A new court filing in federal court in Washington D.C. challenging President Trump's latest iteration of the travel ban seeks to protect Iranian Americans in the United States and abroad. The lawsuit, filed by three prominent Iranian-American organizations as well as 13 individual plaintiffs, outlines the ways the policy is hurting families, professional and business opportunities, as well as the expansive Iranian-American community. - 10/12/17

Iranian Leftist Poet Missing in Tabriz Two Days After Intelligence Ministry Raided His Home

- Children's rights advocate and leftist poet Omid Aghdami has been missing since October 5, 2017, two days after he tweeted that Intelligence Ministry agents had searched his home in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan Province, and confiscated his personal belongings, including a laptop and notebooks. - 10/12/17

Iranian Officials Increase Pressure on Telegram App to Comply With Censorship Policies

- Iranian Telecommunications Minister Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi has vowed to block "anti-revolutionary channels" on the Telegram messaging application after the popular Amad News channel reported that a state official's daughter was arrested for spying. "We are seriously seeking to derail channels that oppose the state," said Jahromi, a former intelligence official, on October 8, 2017. - 10/11/17

Imprisoned Iranian-British Citizen Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe Threatened With 16 More Years Behind Bars

- Iranian-British dual national Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, imprisoned in Iran since April 2016 on trumped up and unspecified national security charges, is now facing up to 16 more years in prison based on new charges brought by the arresting authority, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), according to her family. "Threatening Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe with more years behind bars after she was imprisoned without full due process is unjust and inhumane," said Hadi Ghaemi, the executive director of the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI). - 10/10/17

Iranian Court Suspends Yazd's Zoroastrian City Councilor

- A Zoroastrian city councilor in Iran has been suspended from his position, highlighting an emerging battle over the rights of the country's religious minorities to run for office. Sepanta Niknam, a member of the city council in the central city of Yazd, was suspended temporarily by a branch of Iran's Administrative Court of Justice, council chief Gholamali Sefid said on October 9. Niknam was the only non-Muslim elected to the council in May. - 10/10/17

Iranian Baha'i Singer Facing Prison Time After European Concert Tour

- After being repeatedly interrogated while spending a month in solitary confinement, Iranian singer Behnam Rohani-Fard was released on 100 million tomans bail (approximately $30,156 USD) from Tehran's Evin Prison on October 3, 2017. - 10/10/17

Innocent Bystanders Killed in Anti-Smuggling Operations in Iran's Sistan and Baluchestan Province

- More than 100 people, including innocent bystanders, are killed every year in anti-smuggling operations in Iran's Sistan and Baluchestan Province, according to human rights campaigner Habibollah Sarbazi. "There are no jobs in the area and even educated people have to resort to smuggling fuel to make a living," Sarbazi, the director of the Baloch Activists Campaign, told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on October 4, 2017. - 10/9/17

"Working Children" of Tehran celebrate National Children Day

- The State Welfare Organization held a ceremony in Tehran on Saturday for 500 working children to celebrate the National Children Day. Iran annually observes the National Children's Day on October 8 and the National Children's Week on October 7 to 13. - 10/9/17

Iran's Ex-Reformist President Banned From Public Appearances Week After Six MPs Sentenced to Prison

- Iran's former reformist President Mohammad Khatami has been banned from making public appearances and receiving political guests for three months. The ban, first reported on October 5, 2017, was issued by the Special Court for the Clergy one week after six prominent reformist politicians, including Khatami's younger brother, were sentenced to a year in prison for the charge of "propaganda against the state." They were also banned from political and media activities for two years. - 10/9/17

Iranian Judiciary Confirms Nuclear Negotiator Imprisoned On Spying Charges

- Iran's judiciary has confirmed that a dual-national member of the Iranian team that negotiated a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers has been sentenced to five years in prison after being convicted of espionage. A spokesman for the judiciary said on October 8 that Abdolrasoul Dorri Esfahani was "among some who were accused of spying and providing information for foreigners and had links with two espionage services." - 10/9/17

Iranian Authorities Arrest Brother of Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri

- An Iranian news website has reported the arrest of the brother of the country's vice president over various finance-related matters. The Tabnak website, affiliated with Iran's hard-line Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), reported on October 6 that Eshaq Jahangiri's brother, Mehdi Jahangiri, was taken into custody. - 10/7/17

Iranian Rights Activist Barred from University Under Ahmadinejad Faces Same Roadblocks Under Rouhani

- Iran's Intelligence Ministry has blocked formerly imprisoned civil rights activist Mahdieh Golroo from attending Alzahra University in Tehran despite being accepted as a graduate student. "I saw the letter from [President Hassan] Rouhani's Intelligence Ministry at the University Evaluation Organization (UEO)," said Golroo in an interview with the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on October 3, 2017. - 10/6/17

Iran's President Rouhani Pushes Back against Security Media

- As in other authoritarian states, the Iranian media landscape is greatly shaped by outlets with close links to the security and intelligence establishment. Media outlets with links to security organizations are usually launched with a defined approach and clear goal in mind. They work not only to advance the agendas of their patrons but also to weaken critics of such organizations. While receiving financial, security, and judicial support, these media outlets publish biased and targeted content. A further characteristic of this "security media" is that they employ military and security personnel as their managers, with little regard for journalistic standards. -Saeed Aganji - 10/5/17

Iranian Singer Offered Bribes in Exchange for Cooperating with Rouhani Government

- Aramnejad, 34, was briefly detained on February 15, 2010 for his song "Ali Barkhiz" (Ali Rise Up!) in support of the pro-reform Green Movement that arose out of the protests against Iran's disputed 2009 presidential election. He was arrested again on November 8, 2011, for continuing to sing political songs, notably Deltangi (Homesick) in support of Mir Hossein Mousavi, who ran for president in 2009 and has been under extrajudicial house arrest since 2011 for leading the 2009 protests. - 10/5/17

Iran expresses sympathy to Americans over heinous Las Vegas shooting

- The Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman has extended his sympathies to the Americans over the "heinous crime" in Las Vegas, Nevada, the deadliest mass shooting in modern US history. Bahram Qassemi on Tuesday offered sympathy to the American people, particularly the bereaved families of those killed in the recent deadly shooting in Las Vegas. - 10/4/17

Death Of Young 'Porter' Highlights Plight Of Iran's 'Human Mules'

- Working in the smuggling trade in Iran is a risky business -- one that has cost the lives of hundreds of anonymous "human mules" who carry heavy loads of contraband on their backs across the western border with Iraq and Turkey. The death of 17-year-old Vahid Dolatkhah provides an exception to the norm -- a face, a name, and an identity of one of those who died plying the perilous trade. -Golnaz Esfandiari, RFE/RL - 10/4/17

Appeals Court in Gorgan, Iran Issues Prison Sentences, Fines for Facebook Posts

- Two residents of the Iranian city of Gorgan have been sentenced to prison and another fined for the content of their personal social media postings. The Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) has learned that Roozbeh Gilasian was sentenced to a year in prison and Nima Saffar to 80 days in prison while Elaheh Soroushnia was fined eight million tomans ($2,412 USD) by the Appeals Court in Gorgan Province in September 2017. - 10/4/17

NIAC and Partners File First Lawsuit Against Muslim Ban 3.0

- Washington, DC - Today, Muslim Advocates, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, and Covington & Burling LLP, in collaboration with the National Iranian-American Council (NIAC) and the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU, announced two lawsuits against the Trump administration's latest efforts to unlawfully block the entry of Muslims into the United States and carry out President Trump's long-promised Muslim ban. - 10/3/17

Iranian Reformist Leaders Sentenced To Prison, Political Ban

- A court in Iran has sentenced seven reformist politicians, including a brother of former pro-reform President Mohammad Khatami, to one-year prison terms and barred them from political and media activity for two years, a lawyer says. The seven were leaders of the major reformist party, the Islamic Iran Participation Front, that was banned in 2010 in a state crackdown that followed mass street protests against the disputed election that handed hard-line incumbent Mahmud Ahmadinejad a second term. - 10/3/17

Admins of Iranian Pirated Movies Website Arrested After Complaints from "Licensed" Rivals

- Six administrators of a popular site selling pirated foreign films with Farsi-language subtitles and voiceovers online have been arrested following complaints from their rivals, which were licensed to sell pirated movies by the government. The chief admin of the TinyMovies website is among the detainees, a source with knowledge about the case told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) on condition of anonymity. - 10/3/17

The Muddled Trump's Travel Ban

- The Trump administration's travel ban is in its third version, and it still does not respond convincingly to the ostensible need it was supposed to address. The supposed purpose itself is unclear. The latest version introduces additional confusion about the purported objective, even without getting into the real motivations behind it. -Paul Pillar - 10/1/17

Spike in Labor Protests in Iran is Changing the Political Milieu

- In the past weeks labor protests and strikes have increased across Iran with workers speaking out against layoffs and nonpayment of wages. Iran's ailing economy has not recovered from the nuclear sanctions and even after the signing of the 2015 nuclear deal, workers' living conditions have not improved. - 10/1/17

Landmine Victims Denied Compensation as Border Regions Remain Plagued by Remnants of Iran-Iraq War

- An attorney representing people maimed by mines in Iran's border regions says the victims are not only entitled to damages under the country's Islamic Penal Code, but could also qualify for funds set aside by the Interior Ministry's Article 2 Commission for wounded veterans. - 10/1/17

Rosetta Stone: Persian (Farsi), Level 1, 2 & 3 Set

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